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GB/T 1453-2005: Translated English of Chinese Standard. (GBT 1453-2005, GB/T1453-2005, GBT1453-2005) PDF Book By https://www.chinesestandard.net

GB/T 1453-2005: Translated English of Chinese Standard. (GBT 1453-2005, GB/T1453-2005, GBT1453-2005)

  • Author: https://www.chinesestandard.net
  • ISBN Code: : N.a
  • Publisher : https://www.chinesestandard.net
  • Page : 14 pages
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 264 Readers
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Books Synopsis

[After payment, write to & get a FREE-of-charge, unprotected true-PDF from: [email protected]] This standard specifies the testing principles, testing equipment, test samples, status conditioning, test procedures, calculations, test results, test reports, etc. of flatwise compression properties of sandwich constructions or cores. This standard is applicable to the modulus measurement of flatwise compression strength and flatwise compression elasticity of the sandwich constructions or cores. It is also applicable to the modulus measurement of flatwise compression strength and flatwise compression elasticity of the lattice walls (such as honeycomb walls).

Constantine XI Dragaš Palaeologus (1404–1453) PDF Book By Marios Philippides

Constantine XI Dragaš Palaeologus (1404–1453)

  • Author: Marios Philippides
  • ISBN Code: : 1351055402
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 520 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 430 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Constantine XI’s last moments in life, as he stood before the walls of Constantinople in 1453, have bestowed a heroic status on him. This book produces a more balanced portrait of an intriguing individual: the last emperor of Constantinople. To be sure, the last of the Greek Caesars was a fascinating figure, not so much because he was a great statesman, as he was not, and not because of his military prowess, as he was neither a notable tactician nor a soldier of exceptional merit. This monarch may have formulated grandiose plans but his hopes and ambitions were ultimately doomed, because he failed to inspire his own subjects, who did not rally to his cause. Constantine lacked the skills to create, restore, or maintain harmony in his troubled realm. In addition, he was ineffective on the diplomatic front, as he proved unable to stimulate Latin Christendom to mount an expedition and come to the aid of south-eastern Orthodox Europe. Yet in sharp contrast to his numerous shortcomings, his military defeats, and the various disappointments during his reign, posterity still fondly remembers the last Constantine.

The Siege and the Fall of Constantinople in 1453 PDF Book By Marios Philippides,Walter K. Hanak

The Siege and the Fall of Constantinople in 1453

  • Author: Marios Philippides,Walter K. Hanak
  • ISBN Code: : 1317016084
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 816 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 235 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This major study is a comprehensive scholarly work on a key moment in the history of Europe, the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The result of years of research, it presents all available sources along with critical evaluations of these narratives. The authors have consulted texts in all relevant languages, both those that remain only in manuscript and others that have been printed, often in careless and inferior editions. Attention is also given to 'folk history' as it evolved over centuries, producing prominent myths and folktales in Greek, medieval Russian, Italian, and Turkish folklore. Part I, The Pen, addresses the complex questions introduced by this myriad of original literature and secondary sources.

Basileus PDF Book By Weston Barnes

Basileus

  • Author: Weston Barnes
  • ISBN Code: : 154625918X
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Page : 912 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 979 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This is a book on emperors of Byzantine Empire in Christian Greek dominion that ruled Late Antique and Medieval East Europe from 330 to 1453 CE as the inherited Roman state that fell in Western Rome in 476 CE. From the golden, renowned Queen of Cities, Constantinople, city of Constantine, holy men, travelers, pilgrims, merchants, ambassadors, and many other people from all walks of life filled its streets. Finally, there was the emperor, the master of this city, and an empire once stretching from the Black Sea to Spain until its fall to the powerful Turks in the fifteenth century. In a line of Basilioi, triumph, tragedy, trust, and betrayal were lifelong dramas for the men and women in the purple sitting on the palace throne.

Introduction to Byzantium, 602–1453 PDF Book By Jonathan Harris

Introduction to Byzantium, 602–1453

  • Author: Jonathan Harris
  • ISBN Code: : 135136877X
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 298 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 510 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Introduction to Byzantium, 602–1453 provides students with an accessible guide to medieval Byzantium. Beginning with the near collapse of Byzantium in the seventh century, the book traces its survival and development through to its absorption by the Ottoman empire. As well as having an overall political narrative, the chapters cover a wide range of topics including society and economy, art and architecture, literature and education, military tactics and diplomacy, gender and education. They also explore themes that remain prominent and highly debated today, including relations between Islam and the West, the impact of the Crusades, the development of Russia, and the emergence of Orthodox Christianity. Comprehensively written, each chapter provides an overview of the particular period or topic, a summary of the ongoing historiographical debates, primary source material textboxes, further reading recommendations and a ‘points to remember’ section. Introduction to Byzantium, 602–453 provides students with a thorough introduction to the history of Byzantium and equips them with the tools to write successful analytical essays. It is essential reading for any student of the history of the Byzantine empire.

Who's Who in Military History PDF Book By John Keegan,Andrew Wheatcroft

Who's Who in Military History

  • Author: John Keegan,Andrew Wheatcroft
  • ISBN Code: : 1136414169
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 350 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 114 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The Routledge Who's Who in Military History looks at those men and women who have shaped the course of war. It concentrates on all those periods about which the reader is likely to want information - the eighteenth-century wars in Europe, the American Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars and the major conflicts of the nineteenth-century. There is full coverage of the First and Second World Wars, and the many post-war struggles up to and including the Gulf War. It provides: * detailed biographies of the most interesting and important figures in military history from about 1450 to the present day * a series of maps showing the main theatres of war * a glossary of common words and phrases * an accessible and user-friendly A-Z layout The Routledge Who's Who in Military History will be a unique and invaluable source of information for the student and general reader alike.

Constantinople PDF Book By Roger Crowley

Constantinople

  • Author: Roger Crowley
  • ISBN Code: : 0571250793
  • Publisher : Faber & Faber
  • Page : 336 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 174 Readers
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Books Synopsis

'Engagingly fresh and vivid . . . The 21-year-old Mehmet [the Ottoman Sultan] emerges from this book as ruthless but innovative, irascible but versatile and, above all, indefatigable - a worthy successor to Alexander and the Roman emperors he admired as much as any Muslim hero.' Malise Ruthven, Sunday Times In the spring of 1453, the Ottoman Turks advanced on Constantinople in pursuit of an ancient Islamic dream: capturing the thousand-year-old capital of Christian Byzantium. During the siege that followed, a small band of defenders, outnumbered ten to one, confronted the might of the Ottoman army in an epic contest fought on land, sea and underground. 'In this account of the 1453 siege, written in crackling prose by former Istanbul resident Roger Crowley - his first book and not, I hope, his last - we are treated to narrative history at its most enthralling.' Christopher Silvester, Daily Express 'A vivid and readable account of the siege . . . [And] an excellent traveller's guide to how and why Istanbul became a Muslim city.' Philip Mansel Guardian

The Early Eastern Orthodox Church PDF Book By Stephen Morris

The Early Eastern Orthodox Church

  • Author: Stephen Morris
  • ISBN Code: : 147663422X
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Page : 191 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 756 Readers
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Books Synopsis

 “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us,” the apostles declared at the conclusion of their council described in Acts 15. This apostolic council was the first of many councils to come as Christians sought to discern the will of God in the midst of historic challenges. The faithful continued to struggle to express their new apostolic faith in new words, new languages, new places and new times. Many issues—the interaction of science and faith, divinity and humanity, Church and State—continue to be pertinent today. This book tells the story of these struggles from the days of the New Testament to the fall of the city of Constantinople in AD 1453. It focuses on the Christian community in the eastern Mediterranean which became known as the Byzantine Empire. Each chapter examines the personalities and theologies entwined at the heart of conflicts that shaped the medieval world as well as the modern cultures of Greece, the Middle East and Eastern Europe.

Edinburgh History of the Greeks, 1453 to 1768 PDF Book By Molly Greene

Edinburgh History of the Greeks, 1453 to 1768

  • Author: Molly Greene
  • ISBN Code: : 0748694013
  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Page : 248 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 275 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This volume considers the period of Ottoman rule in Greek history in light of changing scholarship about this era and makes it accessible for the first time to a wider audience.

The History of Byzantine Empire PDF Book By Charles Oman

The History of Byzantine Empire

  • Author: Charles Oman
  • ISBN Code: : 8026881494
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Page : 230 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 929 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This edition covers the history of the Eastern Roman Empire from late antiquity until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453 AD. The author gives the complete insight into the fascinating empire which was characterized by Roman state traditions, Greek culture and language; and Orthodox Christianity. Among the greatest accomplishments of the Empire, the author emphasizes its contribution to the formation of the medieval Europe, its major role in shaping Orthodoxy and transmission of classical knowledge. Contents: Byzantium The Foundation of Constantinople The Fight With the Goths The Departure of the Germans The Reorganization of the Eastern Empire Justinian Justinian's Foreign Conquests The End of Justinian's Reign The Coming of the Slavs The Darkest Hour Social and Religious Life The Coming of the Saracens The First Anarchy The Saracens Turned Back The Iconoclasts The End of the Iconoclasts The Literary Emperors and Their Time Military Glory The End of the Macedonian Dynasty Manzikert The Comneni and the Crusades The Latin Conquest of Constantinople The Latin Empire and the Empire of Nicaea Decline and Decay The Turks in Europe. The End of a Long Tale Table of Emperors

Images of Islam, 1453–1600 PDF Book By Charlotte Colding Smith

Images of Islam, 1453–1600

  • Author: Charlotte Colding Smith
  • ISBN Code: : 131731963X
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 304 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 357 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Using evidence from contemporary printed images, Smith examines the attitudes of Christian Europe to the Ottoman Empire and to Islam. She also considers the relationship between text and image, placing it in the cultural context of the Reformation and beyond.

The Hundred Years’ War PDF Book By Anne Curry

The Hundred Years’ War

  • Author: Anne Curry
  • ISBN Code: : 147280998X
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Page : 96 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 997 Readers
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Books Synopsis

There can be no doubt that military conflict between France and England dominated European history in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This war is of considerable interest both because of its duration and the number of theatres in which it was fought. In this book, Hundred Years' War expert Dr Anne Curry reveals how the war can reveal much about the changing nature of warfare: the rise of infantry and the demise of the knight; the impact of increased use of gunpowder and the effect of the wars on generations of people around it.

Europe PDF Book By Brendan Simms

Europe

  • Author: Brendan Simms
  • ISBN Code: : 1846147255
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Page : 800 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 930 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Half a millennium of European warfare brilliantly retold by masterly historian Brendan Simms At the heart of Europe's history lies a puzzle. In most of the world humankind has created enormous political frameworks, whether ancient (such as China) or modern (such as the United States). Sprawling empires, kingdoms or republics appear to be the norm. By contrast Europe has remained stubbornly chaotic and fractured into often amazingly tiny pieces, with each serious attempt to unify the continent (by Charles V, Napoleon and Hitler) thwarted. In this marvelously ambitious and exciting new book, Brendan Simms tells the story of Europe's constantly shifting geopolitics and the peculiar circumstances that have made it both so impossible to dominate, but also so dynamic and ferocious. It is the story of a group of highly competitive and mutually suspicious dynasties, but also of a continent uniquely prone to interference from 'semi-detached' elements, such as Russia, the Ottoman Empire, Britain and (just as centrally to Simms' argument) the United States. Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy will become the standard work on this crucial subject - and an extremely enjoyable one. Reviews: 'This is a brilliant and beautifully written history. From the Holy Roman Empire to the Euro, Brendan Simms shows that one of the constant preoccupations of Europeans has always been the geography, the power and the needs of Germany. Europe is a work of extraordinary scholarship delivered with the lightest of touches. It will be essential, absorbing reading for anyone trying to understand both the past and the present of one of the most productive and most dangerous continents on earth' William Shawcross 'World history is German history, and German history is world history.This is the powerful case made by this gifted historian of Europe, whose expansive erudition revives the proud tradition of the history of geopolitics, and whose immanent moral sensibility reminds us that human choices made in Berlin (and London) today about the future of Europe might be decisive for the future of the world' Timothy Snyder (author of Bloodlands) About the author: Brendan Simms is Professor of the History of International Relations at the University of Cambridge. His major books include Unfinest Hour: Britain and the Destruction of Bosnia (shortlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize) and Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire.

1453 a Tale of Two Battles PDF Book By Julian Reynolds

1453 a Tale of Two Battles

  • Author: Julian Reynolds
  • ISBN Code: : 1664106804
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Page : 218 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 646 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book is the author’s second published by Xlibris, the first being Defending Rome: The Masters of the Soldiers, published in 2011. It explores the consequences of two battles fought in 1453 – the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in May and the French victory over the English two months later at Castillon in the last battle of the Hundred Years War. The book considers the impact of these events on a diverse range of topics, including military outcomes, strategic consequences, economic developments, and cultural and religious implications. It concludes by assessing the significance of these two battles in influencing the transition of Europe from the medieval to the modern age.

Byzantium at War AD 600-1453 PDF Book By John Haldon

Byzantium at War AD 600-1453

  • Author: John Haldon
  • ISBN Code: : 1135881669
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 96 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 192 Readers
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Books Synopsis

First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Red Rose and the White PDF Book By John Sadler

The Red Rose and the White

  • Author: John Sadler
  • ISBN Code: : 1317905180
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 360 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 728 Readers
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Books Synopsis

If Richard III had not charged to his death at Bosworth, how different might the history of Britain have been? Beginning in 1453 and ending in 1487, The Red Rose and the White provides a gripping overview of the bitter dynastic struggle for supremacy that raged between the houses of York and Lancaster for thirty years, culminating in the dramatic events on Bosworth Field in 1485. As well as offering a comprehensive account of the campaigns, battles and sieges of the conflict, the book also assesses the commanders and men involved and considers the weapons and tactics employed. Photographs, maps and portraits of the principal characters help to bring the period to life, whilst the fast-paced narrative conveys a sense of what it was actually like to fight in battles such as Towton or Tewkesbury the effect of the arrow storm and the grim realities of hand-to-hand combat with edged and bladed weapons. Skilfully weaving in political and social events to place the conflict in its context, The Red Rose and the White is a fascinating exploration of the turbulent period that would change the course of British history forever.

The Walls of Constantinople AD 324–1453 PDF Book By Stephen Turnbull

The Walls of Constantinople AD 324–1453

  • Author: Stephen Turnbull
  • ISBN Code: : 1782002502
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Page : 64 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 911 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The walls of Constantinople are the greatest surviving example of European medieval military architecture in the world. They withstood numerous sieges until being finally overcome by the artillery of Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453, and exist today as a time capsule of Byzantine and Medieval history. This book examines the main defensive system protecting the landward side of the city, which consisted of three parallel walls about 5 miles long. The walls defended the city against intruders, including Attila the Hun, before finally being breached by European knights during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and, ultimately, destroyed by Turkish artillery in 1453.

The Hundred Years War PDF Book By Desmond Seward

The Hundred Years War

  • Author: Desmond Seward
  • ISBN Code: : 1101173777
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Page : 304 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 179 Readers
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Books Synopsis

From 1337 to 1453 England repeatedly invaded France on the pretext that her kings had a right to the French throne. Though it was a small, poor country, England for most of those "hundred years" won the battles, sacked the towns and castles, and dominated the war. The protagonists of the Hundred Years War are among the most colorful in European history: Edward III, the Black Prince; Henry V, who was later immortalized by Shakespeare; the splendid but inept John II, who died a prisoner in London; Charles V, who very nearly overcame England; and the enigmatic Charles VII, who at last drove the English out. Desmond Seward's critically-acclaimed account of the Hundred Years War brings to life all of the intrigue, beauty, and royal to-the-death-fighting of that legendary century-long conflict.

Les Manuscrits de Chrétien de Troyes PDF Book By Keith Busby

Les Manuscrits de Chrétien de Troyes

  • Author: Keith Busby
  • ISBN Code: : 9789051836035
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • Page : 553 pages
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Reviews : 276 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book Les Manuscrits de Chrétien de Troyes

1453 PDF Book By Meryem Aybike Sinan

1453

  • Author: Meryem Aybike Sinan
  • ISBN Code: : 6051629939
  • Publisher : Nesil Basım Yayın Gıda Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş
  • Page : 208 pages
  • Genre : Fiction
  • Reviews : 346 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Tarihin en büyük ve en görkemli kuşatmalarından birini günü gününe ele alan, fetih hazırlıklarını anbean tüm ayrıntılarıyla gözler önüne seren dev bir eser... Bir yanda fethin kumandanları Fatih Sultan Mehmet'ten Zağanos Paşa'ya, manevi mimarları Akşemsettin'den Molla Gürani'ye ve nice isimsiz kahramanlarına kadar tarihi değiştiren kutlu ordunun neferleri... Diğer yanda İmparator Konstantin, Bizans ordusu kumandanı Jüstinyani, Venedikliler, kilise çanlarının umutsuz çığlıklarına sığınan bir halk ve Roma defterini kapatmak üzere olan bir şehir... Çağlar değiştiren Fatih'in ideallerinin, hedeflerinin, fethin gecikmesi karşısında duyduğu öfke ve sabırsızlığının, akın akın şehadete koşan erlerini kaybetmenin verdiği hüznün, tüm bu hengâmede eşi Sittin Hatun'la mektuplara dökülen coşkulu duygularının romanı... Tarih yazmak, o kutlu müjdeye nail olabilmek için yola çıkan bir milletin yürüyüşü...

John Talbot and the War in France, 1427–1453 PDF Book By A. J. Pollard

John Talbot and the War in France, 1427–1453

  • Author: A. J. Pollard
  • ISBN Code: : 1473815630
  • Publisher : Pen and Sword
  • Page : 172 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 980 Readers
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Books Synopsis

John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury was the last of the celebrated English commanders of the Hundred Years' War. In his lifetime his reputation for audacity and courage gave him an unrivalled fame among the English, and he was feared and admired by the French. A.J. Pollard, in this pioneering and perceptive account, reconstructs the long career of this extraordinary soldier and offers a fascinating insight into warfare in the late medieval period. Talbot was the last representative of generations of brave, brutal warriors whose appetite for glory and personal gain had sustained English policy in France since the time of Edward III. His defeat and death at the Battle of Castillon on 17 July 1453 marked the end of the wars. It was also the final act in a heroic but savage tradition.

Air Pollution and Mortality PDF Book By

Air Pollution and Mortality

  • Author:
  • ISBN Code: : N.a
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Page : 36 pages
  • Genre : Air
  • Reviews : 539 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book Air Pollution and Mortality

Histoire des pays d'Islam PDF Book By Pascal Buresi,Mehdi Ghouirgate,Philippe Bourmaud,Frédéric Hitzel,Corinne Lefèvre,Rémy Madinier,M'hamed Oualdi

Histoire des pays d'Islam

  • Author: Pascal Buresi,Mehdi Ghouirgate,Philippe Bourmaud,Frédéric Hitzel,Corinne Lefèvre,Rémy Madinier,M'hamed Oualdi
  • ISBN Code: : 2200619766
  • Publisher : Armand Colin
  • Page : 340 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 175 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Cette vaste synthèse sur le monde musulman du XVe s. à nos jours offre un panorama unique sur l’histoire politique, économique, culturelle et artistique des pays d’Islam. L’ouvrage couvre l’ensemble des territoires concernés : partie occidentale méditerranéenne (Maghreb), partie proche et moyen-orientale (Empire ottoman, Syrie, Irak, péninsule arabique), et partie asiatique (de l’ancienne Perse à l’Asie du Sud-Est). La première partie de l’ouvrage consacrée à la période moderne met en lumière l’âge d’or que connaissent les grands Empires ottoman, iranien et moghol au XVIe et au début du XVIIe s. La seconde partie présente et éclaire l’histoire des pays d’Islam de 1800 à nos jours et souligne les interrogations qu’a fait naître la post-colonisation et l’émergence de nouvelles questions sur les identifications à l’islamité et le rejet de l’autoritarisme politique et libéralisme économique. En offrant des clés pour comprendre et analyser six siècles d’histoire de ces États, l’ouvrage permet de comprendre les enjeux actuels des pays d’Islam. Un important appareil cartographique complète le volume.

Битва при Азенкуре. История Столетней войны с 1369 по 1453 год PDF Book By Альфред Бёрн

Битва при Азенкуре. История Столетней войны с 1369 по 1453 год

  • Author: Альфред Бёрн
  • ISBN Code: : 545702542X
  • Publisher : Litres
  • Page : 896 pages
  • Genre : Education
  • Reviews : 900 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Эта книга посвящена второму этапу Столетней войны. Автор анализирует события 1369 – 1453 годов, исследует причины, которые влияли на ход боевых действий, рассказывает о серии неудачных сражений, резко контрастирующих с прежними победами англичан. Особенно подробно рассмотрена битва при Азенкуре – самая значительная баталия этого периода.

The Fall of English France 1449–53 PDF Book By David Nicolle

The Fall of English France 1449–53

  • Author: David Nicolle
  • ISBN Code: : 1780960352
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Page : 96 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 552 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Despite the great English victories at Crécy, Poitiers and Agincourt, the French eventually triumphed in the Hundred Years War. This book examines the last campaign of the war, covering the great battles at Formigny in 1450 and Castillon in 1453, both of which hold an interesting place in military history. The battle of Fornigny saw French cavalry defeat English archers in a reverse of those earlier English victories, while Castillon became the first great success for gunpowder artillery in fixed positions. Finally, the book explains how the seemingly unmartial King Charles VII of France all but drove the English into the sea, succeeding where so many of his predecessors had failed.

Pád Cařihradu PDF Book By Mika Waltari

Pád Cařihradu

  • Author: Mika Waltari
  • ISBN Code: : 8076015359
  • Publisher : Vyšehrad
  • Page : 424 pages
  • Genre : Fiction
  • Reviews : 698 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Dobytí Cařihradu neboli Konstantinopole osmanskými Turky v roce 1453 je definitivním stvrzením zániku Byzantské říše. Barvitá románová freska slavného finského romanopisce Miky Waltariho líčí poslední měsíce v životě města, náboženské i politické spory a boj o moc. Román je psán formou deníku mladého muže Jeana Angieho, který nedokázal odhalit skutečný smysl své životní pouti a umírá při obraně hroutícího se města. Umírá i jeho životní láska, dcera předního byzantského úředníka, která se obětuje v naivní víře za město i za čest rodu, v němž nechyběla zrada.

The Balkans and the Byzantine World before and after the Captures of Constantinople, 1204 and 1453 PDF Book By Vlada Stanković

The Balkans and the Byzantine World before and after the Captures of Constantinople, 1204 and 1453

  • Author: Vlada Stanković
  • ISBN Code: : 1498513263
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Page : 248 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 995 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This volume offers new perspectives on the history of the Byzantine Balkans and beyond—regions that lived for centuries under the long shadow of Constantinople—as well as unique insights into the complex world of late medieval and early modern southeastern Europe during a period of catastrophe.

Constantinople PDF Book By Philip Mansel

Constantinople

  • Author: Philip Mansel
  • ISBN Code: : 1848546475
  • Publisher : John Murray
  • Page : 544 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 433 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Philip Mansel's highly acclaimed history absorbingly charts the interaction between the vibrantly cosmopolitan capital of Constantinople - the city of the world's desire - and its ruling family. In 1453, Mehmed the Conqueror entered Constantinople on a white horse, beginning an Ottoman love affair with the city that lasted until 1924, when the last Caliph hurriedly left on the Orient Express. For almost five centuries Constantinople, with its enormous racial and cultural diversity, was the centre of the dramatic and often depraved story of an extraordinary dynasty.

The History of the Middle Ages PDF Book By Victor Duruy

The History of the Middle Ages

  • Author: Victor Duruy
  • ISBN Code: : N.a
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Page : 821 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 243 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The History of the Middle Ages covers the complete medieval epoch in Europe, both chronologically and geographically. The book starts with the decline of the Roman Empire and the establishment of the great modern monarchies, than it extends from the German invasion at the beginning of the fifth century to the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks ten centuries later in 1453. This carefully crafted ebook is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents.

Fetih 1453 PDF Book By Eda Bildek

Fetih 1453

  • Author: Eda Bildek
  • ISBN Code: : 6059831540
  • Publisher : SALON YAYINLARI
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Genre : Fiction
  • Reviews : 395 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Fısılda artık Hünkârım! Susarsan yok olacağım. Konuş ki yangınımla var olayım! Dokun sözcüklerime, hayat bulsun romanım. Çünkü sensin eksikliği satırlarımın... Ben seni yazmak için seçilmiş hattat! Parmaklarıma tutuşturulan kalemin mürekkebinin renginde aşkın kanı... Yazmayı bıraksam kimse adının içimdeki aşkına dokunamayacak... Yine ne garip Hünkârım, seni yazmasam hattatlığım yarım kalacak... Beni kimse anlamayacak. Dahası adımı kimse bilmeyecek... Bir fetih kitabı yazacaktım, kaftanına kapandım. Rüyan ile sınandım... Ağır sınandım. Gözlerimde fırtınalı deniz... Sağ yanımda surlar, sol yanımda aşk... Üstümde bulut... Refakatimde fethi müjdeleyen Akşemseddin'in sesi... İçimde şehla bakışlarının dokunduğu kuyu... Her şey kuyuya dokundu... Ben susuyorum şimdi, sen konuş Sultanım! Ne olur anlat Hünkârım, aşk ile zafere varsın bakışlar...

A Military History of the Ottomans: From Osman to Ataturk PDF Book By Mesut Uyar Ph.D.,Edward J. Erickson

A Military History of the Ottomans: From Osman to Ataturk

  • Author: Mesut Uyar Ph.D.,Edward J. Erickson
  • ISBN Code: : 031305603X
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Page : 379 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 155 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The Ottoman Army had a significant effect on the history of the modern world and particularly on that of the Middle East and Europe. This study, written by a Turkish and an American scholar, is a revision and corrective to western accounts because it is based on Turkish interpretations, rather than European interpretations, of events. As the world's dominant military machine from 1300 to the mid-1700's, the Ottoman Army led the way in military institutions, organizational structures, technology, and tactics. In decline thereafter, it nevertheless remained a considerable force to be counted in the balance of power through 1918. From its nomadic origins, it underwent revolutions in military affairs as well as several transformations which enabled it to compete on favorable terms with the best of armies of the day. This study tracks the growth of the Ottoman Army as a professional institution from the perspective of the Ottomans themselves, by using previously untapped Ottoman source materials. Additionally, the impact of important commanders and the role of politics, as these affected the army, are examined. The study concludes with the Ottoman legacy and its effect on the Republic and modern Turkish Army. This is a study survey that combines an introductory view of this subject with fresh and original reference-level information. Divided into distinct periods, Uyar and Erickson open with a brief overview of the establishment of the Ottoman Empire and the military systems that shaped the early military patterns. The Ottoman army emerged forcefully in 1453 during the siege of Constantinople and became a dominant social and political force for nearly two hundred years following Mehmed's capture of the city. When the army began to show signs of decay during the mid-seventeenth century, successive Sultans actively sought to transform the institution that protected their power. The reforms and transformations that began frist in 1606successfully preserved the army until the outbreak of the Ottoman-Russian War in 1876. Though the war was brief, its impact was enormous as nationalistic and republican strains placed increasing pressure on the Sultan and his army until, finally, in 1918, those strains proved too great to overcome. By 1923, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk emerged as the leader of a unified national state ruled by a new National Parliament. As Uyar and Erickson demonstrate, the old army of the Sultan had become the army of the Republic, symbolizing the transformation of a dying empire to the new Turkish state make clear that throughout much of its existence, the Ottoman Army was an effective fighting force with professional military institutions and organizational structures.

City of Fortune PDF Book By Roger Crowley

City of Fortune

  • Author: Roger Crowley
  • ISBN Code: : 0571279236
  • Publisher : Faber & Faber
  • Page : 432 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 420 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A magisterial work of gripping history, City of Fortune tells the story of the Venetian ascent from lagoon dwellers to the greatest power in the Mediterranean - an epic five hundred year voyage that encompassed crusade and trade, plague, sea battles and colonial adventure. In Venice, the path to empire unfolded in a series of extraordinary contests - the sacking of Constantinople in 1204, the fight to the finish with Genoa and a desperate defence against the Turks. Under the lion banner of St Mark, she created an empire of ports and naval bases which funnelled the goods of the world through its wharfs. In the process the city became the richest place on earth - a brilliant mosaic fashioned from what it bought, traded, borrowed and stole. Based on first hand accounts of trade and warfare, seafaring and piracy and the places where Venetians sailed and died, City of Fortune is narrative history at its finest. Beginning on Ascension Day in the year 1000 and ending with an explosion off the coast of Greece - and the calamitous news that the Portuguese had pioneered a sea route to India - it will fascinate anyone who loves Venice and the Mediterranean world.

The Routledge Companion to Early Modern Europe, 1453–1763 PDF Book By Chris Cook,Philip Broadhead

The Routledge Companion to Early Modern Europe, 1453–1763

  • Author: Chris Cook,Philip Broadhead
  • ISBN Code: : 1134130651
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 384 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 625 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This compact and highly accessible work of reference covers the broad sweep of events as Europe transformed during the period from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. This Companion examines the centuries that saw the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, the expansion of Europe and the beginnings of imperialism and enormous changes in the way government and kingship were conducted. With a wealth of chronologies, tables, family trees and maps, this handy book is an indispensable resource for all students and teachers of early modern history.

Imago Turci. Das europäische Türkenbild 1453-1600 PDF Book By Julius Burghardt

Imago Turci. Das europäische Türkenbild 1453-1600

  • Author: Julius Burghardt
  • ISBN Code: : 3656934517
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Page : 22 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 904 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Moderne Geschichte, Note: 1,0, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (Seminar für Mittlere und Neuere Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Seminar: Die Türkenkriege, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Orient und Okzident, Islam und Christentum – nie waren sich diese einstigen Gegensätze so nah wie heute. Doch dort wo Kulturen aufeinander treffen, kommt es nicht selten zu Reibereien. Die unterschiedlichen Mentalitäten, Traditionen und vor allem Religionen sind oftmals die Quelle tragischer Missverständnisse, die in gewalttätigen Auseinandersetzungen enden können. Viel zu oft stehen Intoleranz und Voreingenommenheit einem friedlichen Miteinander im Wege. Doch woher stammen diese Vorurteile und Feindbilder, die heute jeden christlich-islamischen Dialog erschweren? Um das herauszufinden, müssen wir einen Blick in die Vergangenheit wagen. Die Geschichte der Konfrontation von Morgen- und Abendland reicht bis weit ins Mittelalter zurück. Zwischen beiden Kulturen herrschte seit dem Einfall der Araber in Spanien und Italien ein erbittertes Ringen um die Vorherrschaft in Europa, das mit der Eroberung Jerusalems durch die christlichen Kreuzfahrer 1099 einen ersten blutigen Höhepunkt fand. Die Expansion des Osmanischen Reiches löste schließlich eine neue Eroberungswelle aus, die das Abendland in seinen Grundfesten erschütterte und den westlichen Blick auf den Islam maßgeblich prägte. Moderne Propagandamöglichkeiten verbanden sich mit dem Gefühl einer allgegenwärtigen Bedrohung und erschufen so ein Feindbild jenseits der tatsächlichen historischen Entwicklung. Der Türke, der fortan den Islam verkörperte, wurde zum Symbol für Grausamkeit und Lüsternheit. Es ist das Ziel dieser Hausarbeit, die Entwicklung jenes Türkenbildes im Europa der Frühen Neuzeit darzustellen und die Besonderheiten des anti-türkischen Diskurses herauszuarbeiten.

Die Eroberung von Konstantinopel 1453 und die Transformation der Stadt PDF Book By Andreas Freye

Die Eroberung von Konstantinopel 1453 und die Transformation der Stadt

  • Author: Andreas Freye
  • ISBN Code: : 3638511707
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Page : 26 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 570 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Länder - Mittelalter, Frühe Neuzeit, Note: 2,0, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Institut für Mittelalterliche Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Rom und Konstantinopel im Vergleich, 12 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: 1927 erschien Stefan Zweigs Buch „Sternstunden der Menschheit“. Sein populärstes und erfolgreichstes Buch ist eine Sammlung von Texten, die er selbst historische Miniaturen nannte. Eine dieser Miniaturen beschreibt jenen 29. Mai des Jahres 1453, an dem eine vergesse Tür den endgültigen Untergang eines einstigen Weltreiches besiegeln und einem anderen Reich den Höhepunkt seiner Macht bescheren sollte. In dieser Hausarbeit beschäftige ich mich mit der Eroberung von Konstantinopel durch die Osmanen, welche damit das Byzantinische Reich nach mehr als 1100 Jahren endgültig zu Fall brachten. Das Hauptaugenmerk wird neben der Eroberung auf der Transformation der christlichen Hauptstadt in eine islamische Hauptstadt liegen.

Kampf um Vorherrschaft PDF Book By Brendan Simms

Kampf um Vorherrschaft

  • Author: Brendan Simms
  • ISBN Code: : 3641140102
  • Publisher : DVA
  • Page : 896 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 448 Readers
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Books Synopsis

500 Jahre Machtkämpfe um die Mitte Europas In einem großen, umfassenden Wurf erzählt Brendan Simms die Geschichte Europas seit dem 15. Jahrhundert. Er beschreibt sie als Geschichte ständig wechselnder Machtverhältnisse und Rivalitäten, des Kampfs der großen und kleinen europäischen Länder um Einfluss sowie der Begehrlichkeiten entfernterer Mächte wie des Osmanischen Reiches oder der USA – vor allem aber schildert er sie als Geschichte der Auseinandersetzung um die Mitte des Kontinents, vom Heiligen Römischen Reich deutscher Nation bis zum wiedervereinigten Deutschland. Brendan Simms’ großartige Darstellung wird von vielen bereits mit Spannung erwartet und lädt gerade in diesen Tagen zu kontroversen Diskussionen ein.

Warfare in Medieval Europe c.400-c.1453 PDF Book By Bernard S. Bachrach,David S. Bachrach

Warfare in Medieval Europe c.400-c.1453

  • Author: Bernard S. Bachrach,David S. Bachrach
  • ISBN Code: : 1000429512
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 440 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 461 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Warfare in Medieval Europe, now in its second edition, offers considerably more attention to the transition from the later Roman Empire to the early Middle Ages, the composition of the armies of the opponents of the West, and the experience of commanders and individual combatants on the battlefield. This second revised and expanded edition provides a more in-depth thematic discussion of the nature and conduct of war, with an emphasis on its overall impact on society, from the late Roman Empire to the end of the Hundred Years’ War. The authors explore the origins of the institutions, physical infrastructure, and intellectual underpinnings of warfare, with chapters on military topography, military technology, logistics, combat, and strategy. Bernard and David Bachrach have also added a new chapter, which provides two detailed campaign narratives that highlight the themes treated throughout the text. The geographical scope of the volume encompasses Latin Europe, the Slavic World, Scandinavia, and the eastern Mediterranean, with a particular focus on the conflict between Western Christianity and the Islamic Near East. Written in an accessible and engaging way, Warfare in Medieval Europe is the ideal resource for all students of the history of medieval warfare.

Contact and Conflict in Frankish Greece and the Aegean, 1204-1453 PDF Book By Nikolaos G. Chrissis,Mike Carr

Contact and Conflict in Frankish Greece and the Aegean, 1204-1453

  • Author: Nikolaos G. Chrissis,Mike Carr
  • ISBN Code: : 1317161041
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 252 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 798 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The conquest of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade shattered irreversibly the political and cultural unity of the Byzantine world in the Greek peninsula, the Aegean and western Asia Minor. Between the disintegration of the Byzantine Empire after 1204 and the consolidation of Ottoman power in the fifteenth century, the area was a complex political, ethnic and religious mosaic, made up of Frankish lordships, Italian colonies, Turkish beyliks, as well as a number of states that professed to be the continuators of the Byzantine imperial tradition. This volume brings together western medievalists, Byzantinists and Ottomanists, combining recent research in the relevant fields in order to provide a holistic interpretation of this world of extreme fragmentation. Eight stimulating papers explore various factors that defined contact and conflict between Orthodox Greeks, Catholic Latins and Muslim Turks, highlighting common themes that run through this period and evaluating the changes that occurred over time. Particular emphasis is given on the crusades and the way they affected interaction in the area. Although the impact of the crusades on Byzantine history leading up to 1204 has been extensively examined in the past, there has been little research on the way crusading was implemented in Greece and the Aegean after that point. Far from being limited to crusading per se, however, the papers put it into its wider context and examine other aspects of contact, such as trade, interfaith relations, and geographical exploration.

The Agincourt War PDF Book By Alfred H. Burne

The Agincourt War

  • Author: Alfred H. Burne
  • ISBN Code: : 1473838304
  • Publisher : Frontline Books
  • Page : 260 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 990 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Henry V's stunning victory at Agincourt was a pivotal battle of the Hundred Years War, reviving England's military fortunes and changing forever the course of European warfare.??In this exciting and readable account Colonel Burne recreates the years leading up to Agincourt and its bitter aftermath. He also puts the battle in the perspective of the other important, yet less well known, engagements of the war such as the battles of Verneuil and Fresnay. As with the battles, so with its commanders: Henry V is known to all, but Colonel Burne gives rightful honour to Talbot, Salisbury, Bedford, Chandos and many others. On the French side he details the parts played by Bertrand du Gueschlin and of course Joan of Arc.??Colonel Burne's outstanding reconstruction of the war is written for layman and historian alike and conveys the drama that Agincourt and its heroes have always so vividly evoked. This new edition of a classic text includes a new introduction by Anne Curry, the world's leading authority on the battle of Agincourt.

The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem PDF Book By P.N. Hobson,C.S. Stewart

The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem

  • Author: P.N. Hobson,C.S. Stewart
  • ISBN Code: : 9400914539
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Page : 719 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 666 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The Preface to the first edition of this book explained the reasons for the publication of a comprehensive text on the rumen and rumen microbes in 1988. The microbes of the ruminant's forestomach and those in related organs in other animals and birds provide the means by which herbivorous animals can digest and obtain nutriment from vegetation. In turn, humans have relied, and still do rely, on herbivores for much of their food, clothing and motive power. Herbivores also form the food of carnivorous animals and birds in the wild. The importance of the rumen microorganisms is thus apparent. But, while a knowledge of rumen organisms is not strictly neces sary for the normal, practical feeding of farm animals, in recent years there has been much more emphasis on increasing the productivity of domesti cated animals and in rearing farm animals on unusual feedstuffs. Here, a knowledge of the reactions of the rumen flora, and the limits to these reactions, can be invaluable. In addition, anaerobic rumen-type microor ganisms are found in the intestines of omnivores, including humans, and can be implicated in diseases of humans and animals. They are also found in soils and natural waters, where they playa part in causing pollution and also in reducing it, while the same organisms confined in artificial systems are essential for the purification of sewage and other polluting and toxic wastes.