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1493 PDF Book By Charles C. Mann

1493

  • Author: Charles C. Mann
  • ISBN Code: : 0307596729
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Page : 544 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 701 Readers
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Books Synopsis

From the author of 1491—the best-selling study of the pre-Columbian Americas—a deeply engaging new history of the most momentous biological event since the death of the dinosaurs. More than 200 million years ago, geological forces split apart the continents. Isolated from each other, the two halves of the world developed radically different suites of plants and animals. When Christopher Columbus set foot in the Americas, he ended that separation at a stroke. Driven by the economic goal of establishing trade with China, he accidentally set off an ecological convulsion as European vessels carried thousands of species to new homes across the oceans. The Columbian Exchange, as researchers call it, is the reason there are tomatoes in Italy, oranges in Florida, chocolates in Switzerland, and chili peppers in Thailand. More important, creatures the colonists knew nothing about hitched along for the ride. Earthworms, mosquitoes, and cockroaches; honeybees, dandelions, and African grasses; bacteria, fungi, and viruses; rats of every description—all of them rushed like eager tourists into lands that had never seen their like before, changing lives and landscapes across the planet. Eight decades after Columbus, a Spaniard named Legazpi succeeded where Columbus had failed. He sailed west to establish continual trade with China, then the richest, most powerful country in the world. In Manila, a city Legazpi founded, silver from the Americas, mined by African and Indian slaves, was sold to Asians in return for silk for Europeans. It was the first time that goods and people from every corner of the globe were connected in a single worldwide exchange. Much as Columbus created a new world biologically, Legazpi and the Spanish empire he served created a new world economically. As Charles C. Mann shows, the Columbian Exchange underlies much of subsequent human history. Presenting the latest research by ecologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians, Mann shows how the creation of this worldwide network of ecological and economic exchange fostered the rise of Europe, devastated imperial China, convulsed Africa, and for two centuries made Mexico City—where Asia, Europe, and the new frontier of the Americas dynamically interacted—the center of the world. In such encounters, he uncovers the germ of today’s fiercest political disputes, from immigration to trade policy to culture wars. In 1493, Charles Mann gives us an eye-opening scientific interpretation of our past, unequaled in its authority and fascination.

1493 for Young People PDF Book By Charles Mann

1493 for Young People

  • Author: Charles Mann
  • ISBN Code: : 160980631X
  • Publisher : Seven Stories Press
  • Page : 352 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Reviews : 486 Readers
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Books Synopsis

1493 for Young People by Charles C. Mann tells the gripping story of globalization through travel, trade, colonization, and migration from its beginnings in the fifteenth century to the present. How did the lowly potato plant feed the poor across Europe and then cause the deaths of millions? How did the rubber plant enable industrialization? What is the connection between malaria, slavery, and the outcome of the American Revolution? How did the fabled silver mountain of sixteenth-century Bolivia fund economic development in the flood-prone plains of rural China and the wars of the Spanish Empire? Here is the story of how sometimes the greatest leaps also posed the greatest threats to human advancement. Mann's language is as plainspoken and clear as it is provocative, his research and erudition vast, his conclusions ones that will stimulate the critical thinking of young people. 1493 for Young People provides tools for wrestling with the most pressing issues of today, and will empower young people as they struggle with a changing world.

Columbus's Outpost Among the Taínos PDF Book By Kathleen A. Deagan,José María Cruxent

Columbus's Outpost Among the Taínos

  • Author: Kathleen A. Deagan,José María Cruxent
  • ISBN Code: : 0300133898
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Page : 305 pages
  • Genre : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reviews : 995 Readers
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Books Synopsis

In 1493 Christopher Columbus led a fleet of 17 ships and more than 1200 men to found a royal trading colony in America. Columbus had high hopes for his settlement, which he named La Isabela after the queen of Spain, but just five years later it was in ruins. It remains important, however, as the first site of European settlement in America and the first place of sustained interaction between Europeans and the indigenous Tainos. Kathleen Deagan and Jose Maria Cruxent tell the story of this historic enterprise. Drawing on their ten-year archaeological investigation of the site of La Isabela, along with research into Columbus-era documents, they contrast Spanish expectations of America with the actual events and living conditions at America's first European town. Deagan and Cruxent argue that La Isabela failed not because Columbus was a poor planner but because his vision of America was grounded in European experience and could not be sustained in the face of the realities of American life. Explaining that the original Spanish economic and social frameworks for colonization had to be altered in America in response to the American landscape and the non-elite Spanish and Taino people who occupied it, they shed light on larger questions of American colonialism and the development of Euro-American cultural identity.

I, Columbus PDF Book By Peter Roop,Connie Roop

I, Columbus

  • Author: Peter Roop,Connie Roop
  • ISBN Code: : 1504010132
  • Publisher : Open Road Media
  • Page : 50 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Reviews : 363 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A Notable Social Studies Trade Book for Young People: A firsthand account of Christopher Columbus’s famous voyage to the East, taken directly from his journal entries Christopher Columbus had a dream—to reach the fabled lands of the East, rich with spices, jewels, silver, and especially gold. Having studied the travels of other explorers, Columbus was convinced he could reach his destination by traveling west across the seas. After convincing Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand to fund his expedition, he set sail in August of 1492. In this account, the voyage Columbus undertook is told in his own voice through his journal entries of that year. He tells of excitement, drama, and terror on the high seas, as well as the doubts he faces from his own crew, as together, they weather the path to victory.

The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 PDF Book By Blair E. Helen

The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898

  • Author: Blair E. Helen
  • ISBN Code: : 5882520827
  • Publisher : Рипол Классик
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 308 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Explorations by Early Navigators, Descriptions of the Islands and their Peoples, their History and Records of the Catholic Missions, as related in contemporaneous Books and Manuscripts, showing the Political, Economic, Commercial and Religious Conditions of those Islands from their earliest relations with European Nations to the close of the Nineteenth Century.

América PDF Book By Robert Goodwin

América

  • Author: Robert Goodwin
  • ISBN Code: : 1632867249
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Page : 544 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 930 Readers
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Books Synopsis

An epic history of the Spanish empire in North America from 1493 to 1898 by Robert Goodwin, author of Spain: The Centre of the World. At the conclusion of the American Revolution, half the modern United States was part of the vast Spanish Empire. The year after Columbus's great voyage of discovery, in 1492, he claimed Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands for Spain. For the next three hundred years, thousands of proud Spanish conquistadors and their largely forgotten Mexican allies went in search of glory and riches from Florida to California. Many died, few triumphed. Some were cruel, some were curious, some were kind. Missionaries and priests yearned to harvest Indian souls for God through baptism and Christian teaching. Theirs was a frontier world which Spain struggled to control in the face of Indian resistance and competition from France, Britain, and finally the United States. In the 1800s, Spain lost it all. Goodwin tells this history through the lives of the people who made it happen and the literature and art with which they celebrated their successes and mourned their failures. He weaves an epic tapestry from these intimate biographies of explorers and conquerors, like Columbus and Coronado, but also lesser known characters, like the powerful Gálvez family who gave invaluable and largely forgotten support to the American Patriots during the Revolutionary War; the great Pueblo leader Popay; and Esteban, the first documented African American. Like characters in a great play or a novel, Goodwin's protagonists walk the stage of history with heroism and brio and much tragedy.

Water Supply Network District Metering PDF Book By Armando Di Nardo,Michele Di Natale,Anna Di Mauro

Water Supply Network District Metering

  • Author: Armando Di Nardo,Michele Di Natale,Anna Di Mauro
  • ISBN Code: : 3709114934
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Page : 94 pages
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 504 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The management of a water supply network can be substantially improved defining permanent sectors or districts that enhances simpler water loss detection and pressure management. However, the water network partitioning may compromise water system performance, since some pipes are usually closed to delimit districts in order not to have too many metering stations, to decrease costs and simplify water balance. This may reduce the reliability of the whole system and not guarantee the delivery of water at the different network nodes. In practical applications, the design of districts or sectors is generally based on empirical approaches or on limited field experiences. The book proposes a design support methodology, based on graph theory principles and tested on real case study. The described methodology can help water utilities, professionals and researchers to define the optimal districts or sectors of a water supply network.

Chemistry of Powder Production PDF Book By Yasuo Arai

Chemistry of Powder Production

  • Author: Yasuo Arai
  • ISBN Code: : 9400914938
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Page : 282 pages
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 219 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Chemistry of Powder Production focuses on the solid-state chemistry of powder materials and relates this to the structure, properties and preparation, and characterization techniques for these important industrial products. Additionally, the properties of the particles are discussed in relation to their surface structure and characteristics. This book describes the fundamentals of statistical methods for measuring the characteristics of particles. New advanced materials being developed in powder technology manufacturing techniques are also emphasised, including powdered materials for advanced ceramics as well as magnetic and pigment materials.

Teaching What Really Happened PDF Book By James W. Loewen

Teaching What Really Happened

  • Author: James W. Loewen
  • ISBN Code: : 0807777315
  • Publisher : Teachers College Press
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Genre : Education
  • Reviews : 822 Readers
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Books Synopsis

James Loewen has revised Teaching What Really Happened, the bestselling, go-to resource for social studies and history teachers wishing to break away from standard textbook retellings of the past. In addition to updating the scholarship and anecdotes throughout, the second edition features a timely new chapter entitled “Truth” that addresses how traditional and social media can distort current events and the historical record. Helping students understand what really happened in the past will empower them to use history as a tool to argue for better policies in the present. Our society needs engaged citizens now more than ever, and this book offers teachers concrete ideas for getting students excited about history while also teaching them to read critically. It will specifically help teachers and students tackle important content areas, including Eurocentrism, the American Indian experience, and slavery. “Should be in the hands of every history teacher in the country.” —Howard Zinn “This book should be required reading for every history teacher in the land.” —Sam Wineburg, Stanford University “In the sequel to his bestseller, Lies My Teacher Told Me, James Loewen has crafted a critique of how history is being taught in public education that should be in the hands of every practicing and pre-service social studies teacher in the United States.” —The History Teacher (from the first edition) “Loewen challenges us to critically reflect on the essence of what social studies and history education is and what social studies and history educators do. Doing so can only improve the experiences our students have.” —The Social Studies (from the first edition)

The Wizard and the Prophet PDF Book By Charles C. Mann

The Wizard and the Prophet

  • Author: Charles C. Mann
  • ISBN Code: : 0307961702
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Page : 640 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 696 Readers
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Books Synopsis

From the best-selling, award-winning author of 1491 and 1493--an incisive portrait of the two little-known twentieth-century scientists, Norman Borlaug and William Vogt, whose diametrically opposed views shaped our ideas about the environment, laying the groundwork for how people in the twenty-first century will choose to live in tomorrow's world. In forty years, Earth's population will reach ten billion. Can our world support that? What kind of world will it be? Those answering these questions generally fall into two deeply divided groups--Wizards and Prophets, as Charles Mann calls them in this balanced, authoritative, nonpolemical new book. The Prophets, he explains, follow William Vogt, a founding environmentalist who believed that in using more than our planet has to give, our prosperity will lead us to ruin. Cut back! was his mantra. Otherwise everyone will lose! The Wizards are the heirs of Norman Borlaug, whose research, in effect, wrangled the world in service to our species to produce modern high-yield crops that then saved millions from starvation. Innovate! was Borlaug's cry. Only in that way can everyone win! Mann delves into these diverging viewpoints to assess the four great challenges humanity faces--food, water, energy, climate change--grounding each in historical context and weighing the options for the future. With our civilization on the line, the author's insightful analysis is an essential addition to the urgent conversation about how our children will fare on an increasingly crowded Earth.

Shaping Our Nation PDF Book By Michael Barone

Shaping Our Nation

  • Author: Michael Barone
  • ISBN Code: : 030746153X
  • Publisher : Crown Forum
  • Page : 320 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 919 Readers
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Books Synopsis

It is often said that America has become culturally diverse only in the past quarter century. But from the country’s beginning, cultural variety and conflict have been a centrifugal force in American politics and a crucial reason for our rise to power. The peopling of the United States is one of the most important stories of the last five hundred years, and in Shaping our Nation, bestselling author and demographics expert Michael Barone illuminates a new angle on America’s rise, using a vast array of political and social data to show America is the product of a series large, unexpected mass movements—both internal and external—which typically lasted only one or two generations but in that time reshaped the nation, and created lasting tensions that were difficult to resolve. Barone highlights the surprising trends and connections between the America of today and its migrant past, such as how the areas of major Scots-Irish settlement in the years leading up to the Revolutionary War are the same areas where John McCain performed better in the 2008 election than George W. Bush did in 2004, and how in the years following the Civil War, migration across the Mason-Dixon line all but ceased until the annealing effect that the shared struggle of World War II produced. Barone also takes us all the way up to present day, showing what the surge of Hispanic migration between 1970 and 2010 means for the elections and political decisions to be made in the coming decades. Barone shows how, from the Scots-Irish influxes of the 18th century, to the Ellis Island migrations of the early 20th and the Hispanic and Asian ones of the last four decades, people have moved to America in part in order to make a better living—but more importantly, to create new communities in which they could thrive and live as they wanted. And the founders’ formula of limited government, civic equality, and tolerance of religious and cultural diversity has provided a ready and useful template for not only to coping with these new cultural influences, but for prospering as a nation with cultural variety. Sweeping, thought-provoking, and ultimately hopeful, Shaping Our Nation is an unprecedented addition to our understanding of America’s cultural past, with deep implications for the immigration, economic, and social policies of the future.

Waters in Peril PDF Book By Leah Bendell-Young,Patricia Gallaugher

Waters in Peril

  • Author: Leah Bendell-Young,Patricia Gallaugher
  • ISBN Code: : 1461514932
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Page : 248 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 491 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Who Speaks for the Oceans? The question has been asked a lot in recent years - just who is looking out for our oceans? Covering over seventy percent of the earth's surface it is the world's largest common property resource,jojntly owned by over six billion humans. It is the foundation for life on earth as we know it. Over the years, many people have spoken about various aspects of our ocean environments and they have spoken to different audiences in many different ways. For many in the public realm, Jacques Cousteau spoke for the ocean. Since his passing, no single voice with the sallle public identity or recognition has emerged. Certainly the many governments bordering our oceans cannot agree on common principles or issues of ocean use and management. We might be tempted think that we do not have an ocean spokesperson or champion, but we would be wrong. Today, the rapidly growing number of scientists working hard to expand our under standing of our ocean realm are the ocean voices we should listen to. At the same time as our scientists advance their understanding of the oceans, we all need to advance our abilities and commitment to communicate on behalf of the oceans with broader and broader audiences who need to be aware of where things stand. Often called "the last great frontier", earth's oceans are vast, widely varied, and are hard to get to, arid into, to do the research we need done.

The Trumpeter of Krakow PDF Book By Eric P. Kelly

The Trumpeter of Krakow

  • Author: Eric P. Kelly
  • ISBN Code: : 1439136211
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Page : 224 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Fiction
  • Reviews : 430 Readers
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Books Synopsis

For well over thirty years, Eric P. Kelly’s Newbery Award winner has brought the color and romance of ancient times to young readers. Today, The Trumpeter of Krakow is an absorbing and dramatic as when it was first published in 1928. There was something about the Great Tarnov Crystal...Wise men spoke of it in hushed tones. Others were ready to kill for it. Now a murderous Tartar chief is bent on possessing it. But young Joseph Charnetski was bound by an ancient oath to protect the jewel at all costs. When Joseph and his family seek refuge in medieval Krakow, they are caught up in the plots and intrigues of alchemists, hypnotists, and a dark messenger of evil. Will Joseph be able to protect the crystal, and the city, from the plundering Tartars?

Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards PDF Book By L. Bretherick

Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards

  • Author: L. Bretherick
  • ISBN Code: : 1483162508
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Page : 2054 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 392 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards, Fourth Edition, has been prepared and revised to give access to a wide and up-to-date selection of documented information to research students, practicing chemists, safety officers, and others concerned with the safe handling and use of reactive chemicals. This will allow ready assessment of the likely potential for reaction hazards which may be associated with an existing or proposed chemical compound or reaction system. A secondary, longer-term purpose is to present the information in a way which will, as far as possible, bring out the causes of, and interrelationships between, apparently disconnected facts and incidents. This handbook includes all information which had become available to the author by April 1989 on the reactivity hazards of individual elements or compounds, either alone or in combination. It begins with an introductory chapter that provides an overview of the complex subject of reactive chemical hazards, drawing attention to the underlying principles and to some practical aspects of minimizing such hazards. This is followed by two sections: Section 1 provides detailed information on the hazardous properties of individual chemicals, either alone or in combination with other compounds; the entries in Section 2 are of two distinct types. The first type of entry gives general information on the hazardous behavior of some recognizably discrete classes or groups of the 4,600 or so individual compounds for which details are given in Section 1. The second type of entry concerns reactive hazard topics, techniques, or incidents which have a common theme or pattern of behavior involving compounds of several different groups, so that no common structural feature exists for the compounds involved.

Where'd My Giggle Go? PDF Book By Max Lucado

Where'd My Giggle Go?

  • Author: Max Lucado
  • ISBN Code: : 1400220661
  • Publisher : Thomas Nelson
  • Page : 32 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Fiction
  • Reviews : 282 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A whimsical picture book from New York Times bestselling author Max Lucado, Where'd My Giggle Go? helps your kids process their emotions in a fun, healthy way so they can transform from grumpy to laugh-out-loud happy. "I felt kind of cranky. I felt kind of sad. I can't tell you why, but I even felt mad." For every child who sometimes feels out of sorts and doesn't know why, Where'd My Giggle Go? helps normalize and dissipate negative emotions in a delightful way. A perfect read-aloud, Where'd My Giggle Go? provides: A natural way for you to talk with your kids about how we all get sad sometimes A reminder that we can help others find their happiness With colorful illustrations from Sarah Jennings, this book is: Great for ages 4-8 Brilliant for classroom discussions about processing feelings and emotions and a resource to help parents discuss being sad, grumpy, anxious, or unhappy Where'd My Giggle Go? follows a boy who looks all over--from the circus to the bakery to his own pocket--for his giggle. After all, "No-giggle's no fun. No fun, no sirree. No-giggle is not the best way to be." Then he realizes that bringing happiness to others is the best way to find it himself. As he offers smiles and hugs, helps his mom wash the dishes, plays with a friend, and gives the dog a good tickle, he feels something deep, deep within start to wiggle. And before you know it, the boy starts to giggle! Lucado's charming but powerful message reminds each of us that getting over the grumpies is just a giggle away.

The Dot PDF Book By Peter H. Reynolds

The Dot

  • Author: Peter H. Reynolds
  • ISBN Code: : 0763667862
  • Publisher : Candlewick Press
  • Page : 32 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Fiction
  • Reviews : 676 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Features an audio read-along! With a simple, witty story and free-spirited illustrations, Peter H. Reynolds entices even the stubbornly uncreative among us to make a mark -- and follow where it takes us. Her teacher smiled. "Just make a mark and see where it takes you." Art class is over, but Vashti is sitting glued to her chair in front of a blank piece of paper. The words of her teacher are a gentle invitation to express herself. But Vashti can’t draw - she’s no artist. To prove her point, Vashti jabs at a blank sheet of paper to make an unremarkable and angry mark. "There!" she says. That one little dot marks the beginning of Vashti’s journey of surprise and self-discovery. That special moment is the core of Peter H. Reynolds’s delicate fable about the creative spirit in all of us.

Oskar Schindler PDF Book By David Crowe

Oskar Schindler

  • Author: David Crowe
  • ISBN Code: : 0465008496
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Page : 800 pages
  • Genre : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reviews : 627 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Spy, businessman, bon vivant, Nazi Party member, Righteous Gentile. This was Oskar Schindler, the controversial savior of almost 12,000 Jews during the Holocaust who struggled afterwards to rebuild his life and gain international recognition for his wartime deeds. Author David Crowe examines every phase of the subject's life in this landmark biography, presenting a figure of mythic proportions that one prominent Schindler Jew described as “an extraordinary man in extraordinary times.”

Nothing But the Truth PDF Book By Marie Henein

Nothing But the Truth

  • Author: Marie Henein
  • ISBN Code: : 0771039352
  • Publisher : Signal
  • Page : 304 pages
  • Genre : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reviews : 517 Readers
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Books Synopsis

NATIONAL BESTSELLER An intimate and no-holds-barred memoir by Canada's top defence lawyer, Nothing But the Truth weaves Marie Henein's personal story with her strongly held views on society's most pressing issues, legal and otherwise. With Nothing But the Truth, Marie Henein, arguably the most sought-after lawyer in the country, has written a memoir that is at once raw, beautiful, and altogether unforgettable. Her story, as an immigrant from a tightknit Egyptian-Lebanese family, demonstrates the value of strong role models--from her mother and grandmother, to her brilliant uncle Sami who died of AIDS. She learned the value of hard work, being true to herself and others, and unapologetically owning it all. Marie Henein shares here her unvarnished view on the ethical and practical implications of being a criminal lawyer, and how the job is misunderstood and even demonized. Ironically, her most successful cases made her a "lightning rod" in some circles, confirming her belief that much of the public's understanding of the justice system is based on popular culture, and social media, and decidedly not the rule of law. As she turns 50 and struggles with the corrosive effect on women of becoming invisible, Marie doubles down on being even more highly visible and opinionated as she deconstructs, among other things, the otherness of the immigrant experience (Where are you really from?), the pros and cons of being a household name in this country, opening her own boutique law firm, and the likes of Martha Stewart and her commoditization of previously unpaid female labour. Nothing But the Truth is refreshingly unconstrained and surprising--a woman at the top of her game in a male-dominated world.

Gentle Discipline PDF Book By Sarah Ockwell-Smith

Gentle Discipline

  • Author: Sarah Ockwell-Smith
  • ISBN Code: : 1524705756
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Genre : Family & Relationships
  • Reviews : 722 Readers
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Books Synopsis

As seen in the New York Times -- a practical guide that presents an alternative to shouting, shaming, and blaming--to give kids the skills they need to grow and thrive Discipline is an essential part of raising happy and successful kids, but as more and more parents are discovering, conventional approaches often don't work, and can even lead to more frustration, resentment, power struggles, and shame. Enter Sarah Ockwell-Smith, a popular parenting expert who believes there's a better way. Citing the latest research in child development, psychology and neuroscience, Gentle Discipline debunks common myths about punishments, rewards, the "naughty chair," and more, and presents practical, connection-based techniques that really work--and that bring parents and kids closer together instead of driving then apart. Topics include: Setting--and enforcing--boundaries and limits with compassion and respect Focusing on connection and positivity instead of negative consequences Working with teachers and other caregivers Breaking the cycle of shaming and blaming Filled with ideas to try today, Gentle Discipline helps parents of toddlers as well as school-age kids embrace a new, more enlightened way to help kids listen, learn and grow.

The Lost Diary of Christopher Columbus’s Lookout PDF Book By Clive Dickinson

The Lost Diary of Christopher Columbus’s Lookout

  • Author: Clive Dickinson
  • ISBN Code: : 0007502583
  • Publisher : HarperCollins UK
  • Page : 128 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Fiction
  • Reviews : 980 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The eleventh Lost Diary detailing Columbus’ first voyage across the Atlantic and his historic landing in the ‘New World’. As told by Luc Landahoya who tries to work out where he’s going.

1493 – 1815 PDF Book By Wilhelm G. Grewe

1493 – 1815

  • Author: Wilhelm G. Grewe
  • ISBN Code: : 3110868806
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Page : 769 pages
  • Genre : Law
  • Reviews : 179 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book 1493 – 1815

1493 - A Descoberta do Novo Mundo que Cristovão Colombo Criou PDF Book By CHARLES C. MANN

1493 - A Descoberta do Novo Mundo que Cristovão Colombo Criou

  • Author: CHARLES C. MANN
  • ISBN Code: : 9724621073
  • Publisher : Leya
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 361 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Quando Cristovão Colombo descobriu a América, abrindo aos impérios espanhol e português à conquista do novo mundo, seguidos por outros colonizadores europeus, começava uma nova era não só na história da humanidade, mas na própria vida do planeta. A globalização não foi só económica e política, mas também biológica. O desencadear de uma troca mundial de plantas, animais, insectos, produtos e doenças criou novos hábitos alimentares e culturais, destruiu culturas agrícolas e criou outras novas em sítios onde nunca haviam sido vistas, e revolucionou todo o planeta. Para dar conta dessa transformação profunda, ainda não revelada nos livros de História, o jornalista americano Charles C. Mann reúne o trabalho pioneiro de biólogos, antropólogos, arqueólogos e historiadores que nos últimos anos trouxeram à luz do dia o passado esquecido dos nossos continentes. As transformações ecológicas e económicas iniciadas pelas viagens de Colombo foram um dos incontornáveis eventos que marcaram o mundo moderno. Aliando factos históricos, pesquisa científica e uma fascinante escrita literária, Charles C. Mann relata como alterações de ordem ecológica e económica, desencadeadas pela descoberta de Colombo, acabaram por marcar definitivamente a história humana.

De América a Europa PDF Book By Éric Taladoire

De América a Europa

  • Author: Éric Taladoire
  • ISBN Code: : 6071653401
  • Publisher : Fondo de Cultura Economica
  • Page : 315 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 309 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Son numerosos los trabajos acerca de las impresiones que los cronistas europeos tuvieron del Nuevo Mundo, pero todavía no es muy conocida la historia de las mujeres y los hombres que fueron llevados al otro lado del Atlántico durante esta época. ¿Qué impresiones tuvieron los indios americanos de aquellas ciudades tan diferentes? ¿Quiénes eran ellos para los habitantes del Viejo Mundo y qué papel tenían en sus sociedades? América en Europa es un estudio detallado de las migraciones y la dimensión de sus consecuencias; en ella, el autor analiza los escasos testimonios que dan cuenta de las impresiones de algunos indoamericanos que vivieron en diversas ciudades de Europa entre 1493 y 1892. La presente obra, sin lugar a duda abrirá muchas líneas de investigación y complementará los estudios tradicionales sobre la conquista y la colonia.

Bonica's Management of Pain PDF Book By Jane C. Ballantyne,Scott M. Fishman,James P. Rathmell

Bonica's Management of Pain

  • Author: Jane C. Ballantyne,Scott M. Fishman,James P. Rathmell
  • ISBN Code: : 1496349059
  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Page : 1896 pages
  • Genre : Medical
  • Reviews : 750 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. This exhaustively comprehensive edition of the classic Bonica’s Management of Pain, first published 65 years ago, expertly combines the scientific underpinnings of pain with clinical management. Completely revised, it discusses a wide variety of pain conditions—including neuropathic pain, pain due to cancer, and acute pain situations—for adults as well as children. An international group of the foremost experts provides comprehensive, current, clinically oriented coverage of the entire field. The contributors describe contemporary clinical practice and summarize the evidence that guides clinical practice.

Fenaroli's Handbook of Flavor Ingredients PDF Book By George A. Burdock

Fenaroli's Handbook of Flavor Ingredients

  • Author: George A. Burdock
  • ISBN Code: : 1420090860
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Page : 2159 pages
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 514 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Since publication of the first edition in 1971, Fenaroli's Handbook of Flavor Ingredients has remained the standard reference for flavor ingredients throughout the world. Each subsequent edition has listed more flavor ingredients and allied substances, including those conferred food additive status, substances generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by

The Discoverers PDF Book By Daniel J. Boorstin

The Discoverers

  • Author: Daniel J. Boorstin
  • ISBN Code: : 0307773558
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Page : 768 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 577 Readers
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Books Synopsis

An original history of man's greatest adventure: his search to discover the world around him. In the compendious history, Boorstin not only traces man's insatiable need to know, but also the obstacles to discovery and the illusion that knowledge can also put in our way. Covering time, the earth and the seas, nature and society, he gathers and analyzes stories of the man's profound quest to understand his world and the cosmos.

Les Petites Antilles de Christophe Colomb à Richelieu PDF Book By Jean-Pierre Moreau

Les Petites Antilles de Christophe Colomb à Richelieu

  • Author: Jean-Pierre Moreau
  • ISBN Code: : 9782865373352
  • Publisher : KARTHALA Editions
  • Page : 319 pages
  • Genre : Antilles, Lesser
  • Reviews : 267 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book Les Petites Antilles de Christophe Colomb à Richelieu

International Law and Boundary Disputes in Africa PDF Book By Gbenga Oduntan

International Law and Boundary Disputes in Africa

  • Author: Gbenga Oduntan
  • ISBN Code: : 1135039550
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 428 pages
  • Genre : Law
  • Reviews : 781 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Africa has experienced a number of territorial disputes over land and maritime boundaries, due in part to its colonial and post-colonial history. This book explores the legal, political, and historical nature of disputes over territory in the African continent, and critiques the content and application of contemporary International law to the resolution of African territorial and border disputes. Drawing on central concepts of public international law such as sovereignty and jurisdiction, and socio-political concepts such as colonialism, ethnicity, nationality and self-determination, this book interrogates the intimate connection that peoples and nations have to territory and the severe disputes these may lead to. Gbenga Oduntan identifies the major principles of law at play in relation to territorial, and boundary disputes, and argues that the predominant use of foreign based adjudicatory mechanisms in attempting to deal with African boundary disputes alienates those institutions and mechanisms from African people and can contribute to the recurrence of conflicts and disputes in and among African territories. He suggests that the understanding and application of multidisciplinary dispute resolution mechanisms and strategies can allow for a more holistic and effective treatment of boundary disputes. As an in depth study into the legal, socio-political and anthropological mechanisms involved in the understanding of territorial boundaries, and a unique synthesis of an African jurisprudence of international boundaries law, this book will be of great use and interest to students, researchers, and practitioners in African and Public International Law, International Relations, and decision-makers in need of better understanding the settlement of disputes over territorial boundaries in both Africa and the wider world.

System, Order, and International Law PDF Book By Stefan Kadelbach,Thomas Kleinlein,David Roth-Isigkeit

System, Order, and International Law

  • Author: Stefan Kadelbach,Thomas Kleinlein,David Roth-Isigkeit
  • ISBN Code: : 0191081051
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : 544 pages
  • Genre : Law
  • Reviews : 723 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Since the formation of nation-states lawyers, philosophers, and theologians have sought to envisage the ideal political order. Their concepts, deeply entangled with ideas of theology, state formation, and human nature, form the bedrock of today's theoretical discourses on international law. This volume maps models of early international legal thought from Machiavelli to Hegel before international law became an academic discipline. The interplay of system and order serves as a leitmotiv throughout the book, helping to link historical models to contemporary discourse. Part I of the book covers a diverse collection of thinkers in order to scrutinize and contextualize their respective models of the international realm in light of general legal and political philosophy. Part II maps the historical development of international legal thought more generally by distilling common themes and ideas that have remained at the forefront of debate, such as the relationship between law and theology, the role of the individual versus that of the state, the influence of power and economic interests on the law, and the contingencies of time, space and technical opportunities. In the current political climate, where it is common to state that the importance of the nation-state is vanishing, the problems at issue in the classic theories do not seem so remote: is an international system without central power possible? How can a normative order come about if there is no central force to order relations between states? These essays show how uncovering the history of international law can offer ways in which to envisage its future.

Mapping Ethnography in Early Modern Germany PDF Book By S. Leitch

Mapping Ethnography in Early Modern Germany

  • Author: S. Leitch
  • ISBN Code: : 0230112986
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Page : 267 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 659 Readers
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Books Synopsis

As the first book-length examination of the role of German print culture in mediating Europe's knowledge of the newly discovered people of Africa, South Asia, and the Americas, this work highlights a unique and early incident of visual accuracy and an unprecedented investment in the practice of ethnography.

The Island of Lost Horses PDF Book By Stacy Gregg

The Island of Lost Horses

  • Author: Stacy Gregg
  • ISBN Code: : 0007580282
  • Publisher : HarperCollins UK
  • Page : 256 pages
  • Genre : Juvenile Fiction
  • Reviews : 761 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Two girls divided by time, united by their love for some very special horses – an epic Caribbean adventure!

Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children - E-Book PDF Book By Marilyn J. Hockenberry,David Wilson

Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children - E-Book

  • Author: Marilyn J. Hockenberry,David Wilson
  • ISBN Code: : 0323293395
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Page : 1760 pages
  • Genre : Medical
  • Reviews : 709 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The leading text in pediatric nursing, Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children takes a unique, easy-to-understand developmental approach to describe the care of children at each age and stage of development. Childhood diseases and disorders are organized by age groups and body systems, and described through the nursing process framework.This edition includes updates on topics such as the new CPR guidelines, immunizations, and pain assessment and management. Written by pediatric experts, Dr. Marilyn Hockenberry and David Wilson, each with nearly 30 years of hands-on experience, this bestseller provides an evidence-based, clinical perspective that shows how the quality of nursing care can impact quality patient outcomes. "A good neonatal and paediatric reference and textbook..." Reviewed by Jo Wilson on behalf of Nursing Times, March 2015 A developmental approach addresses the differences at each stage of the child's growth and enables you to individualize care at the appropriate level for each child. UNIQUE! Quality Patient Outcomes are discussed for major childhood diseases and disorders, showing how nursing care directly impacts patient outcomes. Nursing Care Plans provide models for planning patient care, with rationales explaining why specific nursing interventions have been chosen, and include nursing diagnoses, patient/family goals, nursing interventions/rationales, expected outcomes, and NIC and NOC guidelines. A focus on family-centered care emphasizes the role and influence of the family in health and illness with a separate chapter and Family-Centered Care boxes. Critical thinking exercises use case studies to help you test and develop your own analytical skills. Nursing Care Guidelines provide clear, step-by-step, detailed instructions on performing specific skills or procedures. Nursing Tips include helpful hints and practical, clinical information, and Nursing Alerts provide critical information that must be considered in providing care. An emphasis on wellness includes principles of health promotion and injury prevention for each age group. Drug Alerts highlight important drug-related information for safe, appropriate care. Pathophysiology Reviews explain complicated disease processes with illustrated summary boxes. Complementary & Alternative Therapy boxes include timely information on alternative medicine as a part of complete, comprehensive care. Atraumatic Care boxes contain techniques for care that minimize pain, discomfort, or stress, and provide guidance for performing procedures in a caring manner. Emergency Treatment boxes serve as a quick reference in critical situations.

CURRENT Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2019 PDF Book By Maxine A. Papadakis,Stephen J. McPhee,Michael W. Rabow

CURRENT Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2019

  • Author: Maxine A. Papadakis,Stephen J. McPhee,Michael W. Rabow
  • ISBN Code: : 1260117448
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : Medical
  • Reviews : 437 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Know what the experts know and incorporate it into your daily practice with the #1 annual guide to internal medicine INCLUDES 7 ONLINE-ONLY CHAPTERS AT NO ADDITIONAL COST! Visit: www.AccessMedicine.com/CMDT A Doody’s Core Title for 2019! Written by clinicians renowned in their respective fields, CMDT offers the most current insight into epidemiology, symptoms, signs, and treatment for more than 1,000 diseases and disorders. For each topic, you’ll find concise, evidence-based answers to questions about hospital and ambulatory medicine. This streamlined clinical companion is the fastest and easiest way to keep abreast of the latest diagnostic advances, prevention strategies, and cost-effective treatments. Features and content critical to clinical practice: •Strong emphasis on the practical aspects of clinical diagnosis and patient management in all fields of internal medicine •Full review of all internal medicine and primary care topics, including gynecology and obstetrics, dermatology, neurology, ophthalmology, geriatrics, and palliative care •Update of newly emerging infections and their treatments •Specific disease prevention information •Hundreds of medication tables, with indexed trade names and updated prices – plus helpful diagnostic and treatment algorithms •Recent references with PMID numbers •Full-color photographs and illustrations (many new to this edition) HERE ARE SOME OF THE MANY UPDATES AND ADDITIONS: •Revised section on pain management at the end of life •Updated ACC/AHA guidelines for treatment of valvular disease •New ACC/AHA and Hypertension Canada blood pressure guidelines •New FDA approved medications for treatment of breast cancer •New colon cancer screening recommendations from the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force •Acclaimed annual update of HIV/AIDS •New classification of epilepsy •Revised recommendations for treating hepatitis C virus-associated kidney disease •Revised chapter on psychiatric disordersNew FDA approved medication for gastric adenocarcinoma •Updated information about treating spinal muscular atrophy

Economics, Governance, and Politics in the Wine Market PDF Book By Davide Gaeta,Paola Corsinovi

Economics, Governance, and Politics in the Wine Market

  • Author: Davide Gaeta,Paola Corsinovi
  • ISBN Code: : 113739532X
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Page : 253 pages
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Reviews : 195 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The global wine industry is a continually modifying market impacted by financing, culture, and politics. Economics, Governance, and Politics in the Wine Market analyzes recent developments in European Agriculture policies on wine legislation and market trend orientation between political power and market structure.

Four Blood Moons Companion Study Guide and Journal PDF Book By John Hagee

Four Blood Moons Companion Study Guide and Journal

  • Author: John Hagee
  • ISBN Code: : 161795490X
  • Publisher : Worthy Books
  • Page : 192 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 508 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Over the last 500 years, blood-red moons have fallen on the first day of Passover three separate times. These occurrences were connected to some of the most significant days in Jewish history: 1492 (the final year of the Spanish Inquisition when Jews were expelled from Spain), 1948 (statehood for Israel and the War of Independence) and 1967 (the Six-Day War). The next series of four blood moons occurs at Passover and Sukkot in 2014 and 2015. In this devotional study guide, Pastor Hagee challenges readers to further explore the meaning behind blood moons, understand why Christians must recognize these signs that God refers to in Scripture, and absorb their prophetic significance. Ideal for individuals and groups, this devotional study guide combines questions and reflective journaling for deeper meaning and life application.

The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Travel and Tourism PDF Book By Linda L. Lowry

The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Travel and Tourism

  • Author: Linda L. Lowry
  • ISBN Code: : 1483368963
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Page : 1640 pages
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Reviews : 490 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Taking a global and multidisciplinary approach, The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Travel and Tourism brings together a team of international scholars to examine the travel and tourism industry, which is expected to grow at an annual rate of four percent for the next decade. In more than 500 entries spanning four comprehensive volumes, the Encyclopedia examines the business of tourism around the world paying particular attention to the social, economic, environmental, and policy issues at play. The book examines global, regional, national, and local issues including transportation, infrastructure, the environment, and business promotion. By looking at travel trends and countries large and small, the Encyclopedia analyses a wide variety of challenges and opportunities facing the industry. In taking a comprehensive and global approach, the Encyclopedia approaches the field of travel and tourism through the numerous disciplines it reaches, including the traditional tourism administration curriculum within schools of business and management, economics, public policy, as well as social science disciplines such as the anthropology and sociology. Key features include: More than 500 entries authored and signed by key academics in the field Entries on individual countries that details the health of the tourism industry, policy and planning approaches, promotion efforts, and primary tourism draws. Additional entries look at major cities and popular destinations Coverage of travel trends such as culinary tourism, wine tourism, agritourism, ecotourism, geotourism, slow tourism, heritage and cultural-based tourism, sustainable tourism, and recreation-based tourism Cross-references and further readings A Reader’s Guide grouping articles by disciplinary areas and broad themes

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries PDF Book By Frank Lees

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

  • Author: Frank Lees
  • ISBN Code: : 0123977827
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Page : 3776 pages
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 533 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees’ is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources

Pediatric Neurology PDF Book By Olivier Dulac,Maryse Lassonde,Harvey B. Sarnat

Pediatric Neurology

  • Author: Olivier Dulac,Maryse Lassonde,Harvey B. Sarnat
  • ISBN Code: : 0444626980
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Page : 892 pages
  • Genre : Medical
  • Reviews : 239 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The child is neither an adult miniature nor an immature human being: at each age, it expresses specific abilities that optimize adaptation to its environment and development of new acquisitions. Diseases in children cover all specialties encountered in adulthood, and neurology involves a particularly large area, ranging from the brain to the striated muscle, the generation and functioning of which require half the genes of the whole genome and a majority of mitochondrial ones. Human being nervous system is sensitive to prenatal aggression, is particularly immature at birth and development may be affected by a whole range of age-dependent disorders distinct from those that occur in adults. Even diseases more often encountered in adulthood than childhood may have specific expression in the developing nervous system. The course of chronic neurological diseases beginning before adolescence remains distinct from that of adult pathology – not only from the cognitive but also motor perspective, right into adulthood, and a whole area is developing for adult neurologists to care for these children with persisting neurological diseases when they become adults. Just as pediatric neurology evolved as an identified specialty as the volume and complexity of data became too much for the general pediatician or the adult neurologist to master, the discipline has now continued to evolve into so many subspecialties, such as epilepsy, neuromuscular disease, stroke, malformations, neonatal neurology, metabolic diseases, etc., that the general pediatric neurologist no longer can reasonably possess in-depth expertise in all areas, particularly in dealing with complex cases. Subspecialty expertise thus is provided to some trainees through fellowship programmes following a general pediatric neurology residency and many of these fellowships include training in research. Since the infectious context, the genetic background and medical practice vary throughout the world, this diversity needs to be represented in a pediatric neurology textbook. Taken together, and although brain malformations (H. Sarnat & P. Curatolo, 2007) and oncology (W. Grisold & R. Soffietti) are covered in detail in other volumes of the same series and therefore only briefly addressed here, these considerations justify the number of volumes, and the number of authors who contributed from all over the world. Experts in the different subspecialties also contributed to design the general framework and contents of the book. Special emphasis is given to the developmental aspect, and normal development is reminded whenever needed – brain, muscle and the immune system. The course of chronic diseases into adulthood and ethical issues specific to the developing nervous system are also addressed. A volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, which has an unparalleled reputation as the world's most comprehensive source of information in neurology International list of contributors including the leading workers in the field Describes the advances which have occurred in clinical neurology and the neurosciences, their impact on the understanding of neurological disorders and on patient care

Conventional Versus Non-conventional Political Participation in Turkey PDF Book By Cristiano Bee,Ayhan Kaya

Conventional Versus Non-conventional Political Participation in Turkey

  • Author: Cristiano Bee,Ayhan Kaya
  • ISBN Code: : 1351266950
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 214 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 167 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book focuses on the emergence of different forms of civic and political activism in Turkey. It has taken into account different components of active citizenship, specifically looking at the development of civic and political forms of activism that bridge the realms of conventional and non-conventional participation. Focusing on the effects of the 2013 Gezi Park protests—which originated in Istanbul but spread throughout the country—this book reflects on how this experience might re-orient current on civic and political participation in Turkey. Specifically focusing on the main dynamics of non-conventional forms of civic and political activism, this volume attempts to understand the impact of non-conventional forms of political participation on voting behaviour. The internal domestic conditions of the country, as well as its role in the international arena, have dramatically changed since 2013, and are constantly evolving due to the domestic societal and political cleavages, and the regional problems in the Middle East. Yet, the papers in the book reflect upon the significance of occupygezi nowadays, demonstrating not only its importance in questioning the link between the patrimonial state and its citizens, but also for stimulating participatory behaviours. The chapters originally published as a special issue in Turkish Studies.

The Mystery of the Blood Moons PDF Book By Ron Allen

The Mystery of the Blood Moons

  • Author: Ron Allen
  • ISBN Code: : 1629984892
  • Publisher : Charisma Media
  • Page : 80 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 220 Readers
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Books Synopsis

“The story of the stars is the story of the Creator Himself, told in His own words and pictures – and painted with fire across the expanse of the universe.”