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Buddhist Fundamentalism and Minority Identities in Sri Lanka PDF Book By Tessa J. Bartholomeusz,Chandra Richard De Silva

Buddhist Fundamentalism and Minority Identities in Sri Lanka

  • Author: Tessa J. Bartholomeusz,Chandra Richard De Silva
  • ISBN Code: : 0791495868
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Page : 224 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 183 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Buddhist Fundamentalism and Minority Identities in Sri Lanka explores Sinhala-Buddhist fundamentalist ideology and its power to shape the identities of Sri Lanka's ethnic and religious minorities. Sinhala-Buddhist fundamentalists in contemporary Sri Lanka share and ideology that asserts a vital link between the island of Sri Lanka and this Sinhala people, especially in their role as curators of Buddhism, and often at the exclusion of the minorities. Minority responses to Sinhala-Buddhist fundamentalism are manifold, ranging from assimilation to the formation of rival fundamentalisms. The authors provide views of history markedly different from most scholarly reflections on Sri Lanka; thus, the history of shifting perceptions of Sinhala-Buddhist fundamentalism offered here constitutes an important contribution to the subaltern history of Sri Lanka. By treating both the development of Sinhala-Buddhist fundamentalism in the late nineteenth century and its hegemony in the late twentieth, this study links the present to the past.

Buddhism and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka PDF Book By Patrick Grant

Buddhism and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka

  • Author: Patrick Grant
  • ISBN Code: : 0791493679
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Page : 163 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 292 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Looks at how a spiritual tradition can be appropriated by those involved in ethno-nationalist conflict.

Buddhism, Conflict and Violence in Modern Sri Lanka PDF Book By Mahinda Deegalle

Buddhism, Conflict and Violence in Modern Sri Lanka

  • Author: Mahinda Deegalle
  • ISBN Code: : 1134241895
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 288 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 474 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Interdisciplinary in its approach, this book explores the dilemmas that Buddhism faces in relation to the continuing ethnic conflict and violence in modern Sri Lanka. Prominent scholars in the fields of anthropology, history, Buddhist studies and Pali examine multiple dimensions of the problem. Buddhist responses to the crisis are discussed in detail, along with how Buddhism can help to create peace in Sri Lanka. Evaluating the role of Buddhists and their institutions in bringing about an end to war and violence as well as possibly heightening the problem, this collection puts forward a critical analysis of the religious conditions contributing to continuing hostilities.

In Defense of Dharma PDF Book By Tessa J. Bartholomeusz

In Defense of Dharma

  • Author: Tessa J. Bartholomeusz
  • ISBN Code: : 1135788561
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 232 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 809 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This is the first book to examine war and violence in Sri Lanka through the lens of cross-cultural studies on just-war tradition and theory. In a study that is textual, historical and anthropological, it is argued that the ongoing Sinhala-Tamil conflict is in actual practice often justified by a resort to religious stories that allow for war when Buddhism is in peril. Though Buddhism is commonly assumed to be a religion that never allows for war, this study suggests otherwise, thereby bringing Buddhism into the ethical dialogue on religion and war. Without a realistic consideration of just-war thinking in contemporary Sri Lanka, it will remain impossible to understand the power of religion there to create both peace and war.

Why Waco? PDF Book By James D. Tabor,Eugene V. Gallagher

Why Waco?

  • Author: James D. Tabor,Eugene V. Gallagher
  • ISBN Code: : 9780520919181
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Page : 286 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 716 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The 1993 government assault on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, resulted in the deaths of four federal agents and eighty Branch Davidians, including seventeen children. Whether these tragic deaths could have been avoided is still debatable, but what seems clear is that the events in Texas have broad implications for religious freedom in America. James Tabor and Eugene Gallagher's bold examination of the Waco story offers the first balanced account of the siege. They try to understand what really happened in Waco: What brought the Branch Davidians to Mount Carmel? Why did the government attack? How did the media affect events? The authors address the accusations of illegal weapons possession, strange sexual practices, and child abuse that were made against David Koresh and his followers. Without attempting to excuse such actions, they point out that the public has not heard the complete story and that many media reports were distorted. The authors have carefully studied the Davidian movement, analyzing the theology and biblical interpretation that were so central to the group's functioning. They also consider how two decades of intense activity against so-called cults have influenced public perceptions of unorthodox religions. In exploring our fear of unconventional religious groups and how such fear curtails our ability to tolerate religious differences, Why Waco? is an unsettling wake-up call. Using the events at Mount Carmel as a cautionary tale, the authors challenge all Americans, including government officials and media representatives, to closely examine our national commitment to religious freedom.

Buddhism and the Political Process PDF Book By Hiroko Kawanami

Buddhism and the Political Process

  • Author: Hiroko Kawanami
  • ISBN Code: : 1137574003
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Page : 266 pages
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Reviews : 543 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This study examines the impact of Buddhism on the political process of Asian countries in recent times. The intersection between Buddhism and politics; religious authority and political power is explored through the engagement of Buddhist monks and lay activists in the process of nation-building, development, and implementation of democracy.

The Origins of Religious Violence PDF Book By Nicholas F. Gier

The Origins of Religious Violence

  • Author: Nicholas F. Gier
  • ISBN Code: : 073919223X
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Page : 324 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 454 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A scholar of world religions investigates religiously motivated violence that occurred in medieval Tibet and Bhutan, as well as in modern India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Japan. The fusion of religious and national identity in high lamas and divine kings has caused just as much violence in Asia as it did in Europe and the Middle East.

Modern Buddhist Conjunctures in Myanmar PDF Book By Juliane Schober

Modern Buddhist Conjunctures in Myanmar

  • Author: Juliane Schober
  • ISBN Code: : 0824860837
  • Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
  • Page : 248 pages
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 235 Readers
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Books Synopsis

For centuries, Burmese have looked to the authority of their religious tradition, Theravada Buddhism, to negotiate social and political hierarchies. Modern Buddhist Conjunctures in Myanmar examines those moments in the modern history of this Southeast Asian country when religion, culture, and politics converge to chart new directions. Arguing against Max Weber’s characterization of Buddhism as other-worldly and divorced from politics, this study shows that Buddhist practice necessitates public validation within an economy of merit in which moral action earns future rewards. The intervention of colonial modernity in traditional Burmese Buddhist worldviews has created conjunctures at which public concerns critical to the nation’s future are reinterpreted in light of a Buddhist paradigm of power. Author Juliane Schober begins by focusing on the public role of Buddhist practice and the ways in which precolonial Buddhist hegemonies were negotiated. Her discussion then traces the emergence of modern Buddhist communities through the colonial experience: the disruption of traditional paradigms of hegemony and governance, the introduction of new and secular venues to power, modern concerns like nationalism, education, the public place of religion, the power of the state, and Buddhist resistance to the center. The continuing discourse and cultural negotiation of these themes draw Buddhist communities into political arenas, either to legitimate political power or to resist it on moral grounds. The book concludes with an examination of the way in which Buddhist resistance in 2007, known in the West as the Saffron Revolution, was subjugated by military secularism and the transnational pressures of a global economy. A skillfully crafted work of scholarship, Modern Buddhist Conjunctures in Myanmar will be welcomed by students of Theravada Buddhism and Burma/Myanmar, readers of anthropology, history of religions, politics, and colonial studies of modern Southeast Asia, and scholars of religious and political practice in modern national contexts.

Religion and Peacebuilding PDF Book By Harold Coward,Gordon S. Smith

Religion and Peacebuilding

  • Author: Harold Coward,Gordon S. Smith
  • ISBN Code: : 0791485854
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Page : 332 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 167 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Acknowledging that religion can motivate both violence and compassion, this book looks at how a variety of world religions can and do build peace. In the wake of September 11, 2001 religion is often seen as the motivating force behind terrorism and other acts of violence. Religion and Peacebuilding looks beyond headlines concerning violence perpetrated in the name of religion to examine how world religions have also inspired social welfare and peacemaking activism. Leading scholars from the Aboriginal, Hindu, Buddhist, Confucian, Jewish, Muslim, and Christian traditions provide detailed analyses of the spiritual resources for fostering peace within their respective religions. The contributors discuss the formidable obstacles to nonviolent conflict transformation found within sacred texts and living traditions. Case studies of Northern Ireland, Bosnia, Cambodia, and South Africa are also examined as practical applications of spiritual resources for peace. Harold Coward is with the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society at the University of Victoria and is the author and editor of many books, including most recently Yoga and Psychology: Language, Memory, and Mysticism, also published by SUNY Press. Gordon S. Smith is Director of the Centre for Global Studies at the University of Victoria and the author and editor of many books, including (with Daniel Wolfish) Who Is Afraid of the State?: Canada in a World of Multiple Centres of Power.

Religious Diversity--What's the Problem? PDF Book By Rita M. Gross

Religious Diversity--What's the Problem?

  • Author: Rita M. Gross
  • ISBN Code: : 1620324091
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Page : 376 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 881 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Once upon a time, on grounds of both religion and common sense, people assumed that the earth was flat and that the sun literally rose and set each day. When newly developing knowledge made those beliefs untenable, giving them up was difficult. Today the belief that only one of the world's various religions is true for all people on earth is equivalent to the belief in a flat earth. Both notions have become untenable, given contemporary knowledge about religion. Even though many people are still troubled by the existence of religious diversity today, that diversity is a fact of life. Religious diversity should be no more troubling to religious people than the fact that the earth is round and circles the sun. This provocative book, based on the author's longtime practice of Buddhism and comparative study of religion, provides tools with which one can truly appreciate religious diversity as a gift and resource rather than as a deficiency or a problem to be overcome. After we accept diversity as inevitable and become comfortable with it, diversity always enriches life--both nature and culture.

Buddhism, Modernity, and the State in Asia PDF Book By P. Kitiarsa,J. Whalen-Bridge

Buddhism, Modernity, and the State in Asia

  • Author: P. Kitiarsa,J. Whalen-Bridge
  • ISBN Code: : 1137326174
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Page : 277 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 234 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Leading scholars working on Buddhism and politics in South and Southeast Asia add to current discussions regarding 'Engaged Buddhism' and the recent work on protests. The writers have mostly established themselves in their fields, offering a diverse approach and country-by-country coverage.

Buddhism and Political Theory PDF Book By Matthew J. Moore

Buddhism and Political Theory

  • Author: Matthew J. Moore
  • ISBN Code: : 019063152X
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Reviews : 267 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Despite the recent upsurge of interest in comparative political theory, there has been virtually no serious examination of Buddhism by political philosophers in the past five decades. In part, this is because Buddhism is not typically seen as a school of political thought. However, as Matthew Moore argues, Buddhism simultaneously parallels and challenges many core assumptions and arguments in contemporary Western political theory. In brief, Western thinkers not only have a great deal to learn about Buddhism, they have a great deal to learn from it. To both incite and facilitate the process of Western theorists engaging with this neglected tradition, this book provides a detailed, critical reading of the key primary Buddhist texts, from the earliest recorded teachings of the Buddha through the present day. It also discusses the relevant secondary literature on Buddhism and political theory (nearly all of it from disciplines other than political theory), as well as the literatures on particular issues addressed in the argument. Moore argues that Buddhist political thought rests on three core premises--that there is no self, that politics is of very limited importance in human life, and that normative beliefs and judgments represent practical advice about how to live a certain way, rather than being obligatory commands about how all persons must act. He compares Buddhist political theory to what he sees as Western analogues--Nietzsche's similar but crucially different theory of the self, Western theories of limited citizenship from Epicurus to John Howard Yoder, and to the Western tradition of immanence theories in ethics. This will be the first comprehensive treatment of Buddhism as political theory.

The Bridge Betrayed PDF Book By Michael A. Sells

The Bridge Betrayed

  • Author: Michael A. Sells
  • ISBN Code: : 9780520922099
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Page : 260 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 398 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The recent atrocities in Bosnia-Herzegovina have stunned people throughout the world. With Holocaust memories still painfully vivid, a question haunts us: how is this savagery possible? Michael A. Sells answers by demonstrating that the Bosnian conflict is not simply a civil war or a feud of age-old adversaries. It is, he says, a systematic campaign of genocide and a Christian holy war spurred by religious mythologies. This passionate yet reasoned book examines how religious stereotyping—in popular and official discourse—has fueled Serbian and Croatian ethnic hatreds. Sells, who is himself Serbian American, traces the cultural logic of genocide to the manipulation by Serb nationalists of the symbolism of Christ's death, in which Muslims are "Christ-killers" and Judases who must be mercilessly destroyed. He shows how "Christoslavic" religious nationalism became a central part of Croat and Serbian politics, pointing out that intellectuals and clergy were key instruments in assimilating extreme religious and political ideas. Sells also elucidates the ways that Western policy makers have rewarded the perpetrators of the genocide and punished the victims. He concludes with a discussion of how the multireligious nature of Bosnian society has been a bridge between Christendom and Islam, symbolized by the now-destroyed bridge at Mostar. Drawing on historical documents, unpublished United Nations reports, articles from Serbian and Bosnian media, personal contacts in the region, and Internet postings, Sells reveals the central role played by religious mythology in the Bosnian tragedy. In addition, he makes clear how much is at stake for the entire world in the struggle to preserve Bosnia's existence as a multireligious society.

Encyclopedia of Buddhism PDF Book By Damien Keown,Charles S. Prebish

Encyclopedia of Buddhism

  • Author: Damien Keown,Charles S. Prebish
  • ISBN Code: : 1136985956
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 1393 pages
  • Genre : Reference
  • Reviews : 148 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Reflects the current state of scholarship in Buddhist Studies, its entries being written by specialists in many areas, presenting an accurate overview of Buddhist history, thought and practices, most entries having cross-referencing to others and bibliographical references. Contain around 1000 pages and 500,000 words, totalling around 1200 entries.

Buddhism and Violence PDF Book By Vladimir Tikhonov,Torkel Brekke

Buddhism and Violence

  • Author: Vladimir Tikhonov,Torkel Brekke
  • ISBN Code: : 1136277072
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 276 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 112 Readers
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Books Synopsis

It is generally accepted in the West that Buddhism is a ‘peaceful’ religion. The Western public tends to assume that the doctrinal rejection of violence in Buddhism would make Buddhist pacifists, and often expects Buddhist societies or individual Asian Buddhists to conform to the modern Western standards of ‘peaceful’ behavior. This stereotype – which may well be termed ‘positive Orientalism,’ since it is based on assumption that an ‘Oriental’ religion would be more faithful to its original non-violent teachings than Western Christianity – has been periodically challenged by enthusiastic acquiescence by monastic Buddhism to the most brutal sorts of warfare. This volume demolishes this stereotype, and produces instead a coherent, nuanced account on the modern Buddhist attitudes towards violence and warfare, which take into consideration both doctrinal logic of Buddhism and the socio-political situation in Asian Buddhist societies. The chapters in this book offer a deeper analysis of ‘Buddhist militarism’ and Buddhist attitudes towards violence than previous volumes, grounded in an awareness of Buddhist doctrines and the recent history of nationalism, as well as the role Buddhism plays in constructions of national identity. The international team of contributors includes scholars from Thailand, Japan, and Korea.

Militant Buddhism PDF Book By Peter Lehr

Militant Buddhism

  • Author: Peter Lehr
  • ISBN Code: : 3030035174
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Page : 306 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 687 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Against the backdrop of the ongoing Rohingya crisis, this book takes a close and detailed look at the rise of militant Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand, and especially at the issues of ‘why’ and ‘how’ around it. We are well aware of Christian fundamentalism, militant Judaism and Islamist Salafism-Jihadism. Extremist and violent Buddhism however features only rarely in book-length studies on religion and political violence. Somehow, the very idea of Buddhist monks as the archetypical ‘world renouncers’ exhorting frenzied mobs to commit acts of violence against perceived ‘enemies of the religion’ seems to be outright ludicrous. Recent events in Myanmar/Burma, but also in Thailand and Sri Lanka, however indicate that a militant strand of Theravada Buddhism is on the rise. How can this rise be explained, and what role do monks play in that regard? These are the two broad questions that this book explores.

Buddhism in the Modern World PDF Book By David L. McMahan

Buddhism in the Modern World

  • Author: David L. McMahan
  • ISBN Code: : 1136493492
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 338 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 437 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Buddhism in the Modern World explores the challenges faced by Buddhism today, the distinctive forms that it has taken and the individuals and movements that have shaped it. Part One discusses the modern history of Buddhism in different geographical regions, from Southeast Asia to North America. Part Two examines key themes including globalization, gender issues, and the ways in which Buddhism has confronted modernity, science, popular culture and national politics. Each chapter is written by a distinguished scholar in the field and includes photographs, summaries, discussion points and suggestions for further reading. The book provides a lively and up-to-date overview that is indispensable for both students and scholars of Buddhism.

Engaged Buddhism PDF Book By Christopher S. Queen,Sallie B. King

Engaged Buddhism

  • Author: Christopher S. Queen,Sallie B. King
  • ISBN Code: : 1438416644
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Page : 462 pages
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 338 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This is the first comprehensive coverage of socially and politically engaged Buddhism in Asia, presenting the historical development and institutional forms of engaged Buddhism in the light of traditional Buddhist conceptions of morality, interdependence, and liberation.

Studying Buddhism in Practice PDF Book By John S. Harding

Studying Buddhism in Practice

  • Author: John S. Harding
  • ISBN Code: : 1136501886
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 200 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 307 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book introduces the rich realities of the Buddhist tradition and the academic approaches through which they are studied. Based on personal experiences of Buddhism on the ground, it provides a reflective context within which religious practices can be understood and appreciated. The engaging narratives cover a broad range of Buddhist countries and traditions, drawing on fieldwork to explore topics such as ordination, pilgrimage, funerals, gender roles, and film-making. All the entries provide valuable contextual discussion and are accompanied by photographs and suggestions for further reading.

Buddhism, War, and Nationalism PDF Book By Xue Yu

Buddhism, War, and Nationalism

  • Author: Xue Yu
  • ISBN Code: : 1135487324
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 292 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 252 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This thesis examines the doctrinal grounds and different approaches to working out this "new Buddhist tradition," a startling contrast to the teachings of non-violence and compassion which have made Buddhism known as a religion of peace. In scores of articles as war approached in 1936-37, new monks searched and reinterpreted scripture, making controversial arguments for ideas like "compassionate killing" which would justify participating in war.

Engaged Buddhism in the West PDF Book By Christopher S. Queen

Engaged Buddhism in the West

  • Author: Christopher S. Queen
  • ISBN Code: : 0861718410
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Page : 560 pages
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 291 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Engaged Buddhism is founded on the belief that genuine spiritual practice requires an active involvement in society. Engaged Buddhism in the West illuminates the evolution of this new chapter in the Buddhist tradition - including its history, leadership, and teachings - and addresses issues such as violence and peace, race and gender, homelessness, prisons, and the environment. Eighteen new studies explore the activism of renowned leaders and organizations, such as Thich Nhat Hanh, Bernard Glassman, Joanna Macy, the Buddhist Peace Fellowship, and the Free Tibet Movement, and the emergence of a new Buddhism in North America, Europe, South Africa, and Australia.

Cambodian Buddhism PDF Book By Ian Harris

Cambodian Buddhism

  • Author: Ian Harris
  • ISBN Code: : 0824861760
  • Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
  • Page : 368 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 141 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The study of Cambodian religion has long been hampered by a lack of easily accessible scholarship. This impressive new work by Ian Harris thus fills a major gap and offers English-language scholars a booklength, up-to-date treatment of the religious aspects of Cambodian culture. Beginning with a coherent history of the presence of religion in the country from its inception to the present day, the book goes on to furnish insights into the distinctive nature of Cambodia's important yet overlooked manifestation of Theravada Buddhist tradition and to show how it reestablished itself following almost total annihilation during the Pol Pot period. Historical sections cover the dominant role of tantric Mahayana concepts and rituals under the last great king of Angkor, Jayavarman VII (1181–c. 1220); the rise of Theravada traditions after the collapse of the Angkorian civilization; the impact of foreign influences on the development of the nineteenth-century monastic order; and politicized Buddhism and the Buddhist contribution to an emerging sense of Khmer nationhood. The Buddhism practiced in Cambodia has much in common with parallel traditions in Thailand and Sri Lanka, yet there are also significant differences. The book concentrates on these and illustrates how a distinctly Cambodian Theravada developed by accommodating itself to premodern Khmer modes of thought. Following the overthrow of Prince Sihanouk in 1970, Cambodia slid rapidly into disorder and violence. Later chapters chart the elimination of institutional Buddhism under the Khmer Rouge and its gradual reemergence after Pol Pot, the restoration of the monastic order's prerevolutionary institutional forms, and the emergence of contemporary Buddhist groupings.

An Introduction to Engaged Buddhism PDF Book By Paul Fuller

An Introduction to Engaged Buddhism

  • Author: Paul Fuller
  • ISBN Code: : 1350129089
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Page : 248 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 922 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This textbook introduces and explores the ideas, practices and philosophy of engaged Buddhism. The movement holds that suffering is not just caused by the cravings of the mind, but also by political and social factors; therefore, engaged Buddhists 'engage' with social issues to achieve liberation. Paul Fuller outlines the movement's origins and principles. He then offers a comprehensive analysis of the central themes and issues of engaged Buddhism, offering new insights into the formation of modern Buddhism. The range of issues covered includes politics, gender, environmentalism, identity, blasphemy and violence. These are illustrated by case studies and examples from a range of locations where Buddhism is practised. Discussion points and suggested further reading are provided at the end of each chapter, which will further enrich undergraduates' grasp of the topic.

Buddhism and Politics in Twentieth Century Asia PDF Book By Ian Harris

Buddhism and Politics in Twentieth Century Asia

  • Author: Ian Harris
  • ISBN Code: : 1441167714
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Page : 314 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 340 Readers
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Books Synopsis

In this study, a team of international scholars assess the manner in which Buddhist organizations and individuals have resisted, come to terms with, or in some cases allied themselves with the forces of war, modernity, westernization, nationalization, capitalism, communism, and ethnic conflict. By examining issues such as left-right divisions in the monastic order, the rise of organized lay movements, Buddhist social activism, as well as explicitly Buddhist inspired political activity, this book seeks to demonstrate that the emphasis on meditation and mental training is only one strand in this richly complex world historical tradition.

The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Buddhism PDF Book By Michael Jerryson

The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Buddhism

  • Author: Michael Jerryson
  • ISBN Code: : 0199362394
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : 688 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 319 Readers
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Books Synopsis

As an incredibly diverse religious system, Buddhism is constantly changing. The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Buddhism offers a comprehensive collection of work by leading scholars in the field that tracks these changes up to the present day. Taken together, the book provides a blueprint to understanding Buddhism's past and uses it to explore the ways in which Buddhism has transformed in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The volume contains 41 essays, divided into two sections. The essays in the first section examine the historical development of Buddhist traditions throughout the world. These chapters cover familiar settings like India, Japan, and Tibet as well as the less well-known countries of Vietnam, Bhutan, and the regions of Latin America, Africa, and Oceania. Focusing on changes within countries and transnationally, this section also contains chapters that focus explicitly on globalization, such as Buddhist international organizations and diasporic communities. The second section tracks the relationship between Buddhist traditions and particular themes. These chapters review Buddhist interactions with contemporary topics such as violence and peacebuilding, and ecology, as well as Buddhist influences in areas such as medicine and science. Offering coverage that is both expansive and detailed, The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Buddhism delves into some of the most debated and contested areas within Buddhist Studies today.

Defining Buddhism(s) PDF Book By Karen Derris,Natalie Gummer

Defining Buddhism(s)

  • Author: Karen Derris,Natalie Gummer
  • ISBN Code: : 1134937253
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 320 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 673 Readers
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Books Synopsis

'Defining Buddhism(s)' explores the multiple ways in which Buddhism has been defined and constructed by both Buddhists and scholars. In recent decades, scholars have become increasingly aware of their own role in the construction of how Buddhism is represented - a process in which multiple representations of Buddhism compete with and complement one another. The reader brings together key essays by leading scholars to examine the central methods and concerns of Buddhism. The essays aim to illuminate the challenges involved in defining historical, social, and political contexts and reveal how definitions of Buddhism have always been contested.

Popularizing Buddhism PDF Book By Mahinda Deegalle

Popularizing Buddhism

  • Author: Mahinda Deegalle
  • ISBN Code: : 0791481026
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Page : 258 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 471 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Explores the ritual practice of Buddhist preaching.

Seeding Buddhism with Multiculturalism PDF Book By D. Mitra Barua

Seeding Buddhism with Multiculturalism

  • Author: D. Mitra Barua
  • ISBN Code: : 0773557598
  • Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 974 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Immigrants often face considerable challenges when it comes to preserving their cultural and religious teachings. D. Mitra Barua argues that the Sri Lankan Buddhist community in Toronto has maintained its coherence and integrity not despite but because of the need for cultural adaptations. Drawing on survey data, over fifty in-depth interviews with temple monks, educators, parents, and children, and fieldwork conducted in Toronto and Colombo, Sri Lanka, Seeding Buddhism with Multiculturalism examines how a religious tradition is transmitted from one generation to the next in a new cultural setting, and what happens during that process of transmission. Barua demonstrates that Buddhists have passed on Buddhist beliefs, attitudes, and practices to their Canadian-born youth, who in turn have constructed their own distinct Buddhist identity, influenced by the individualistic, egalitarian, and secular cultural ambience in Toronto. Through creative fieldwork and translocal analysis – taking into account migrants' geographical, cultural, and familial ties to multiple locales – this book further explains that pre-migration experiences often shape and determine the success or failure of intergenerational transmission. An ethnographic religious study with an uncommon depth of perspective, Seeding Buddhism with Multiculturalism shows that first- and second-generation Sri Lankan Buddhists in Toronto are successfully practising Theravāda Buddhism within a Canadian context.

Buddhism: A Complete Introduction PDF Book By Clive Erricker

Buddhism: A Complete Introduction

  • Author: Clive Erricker
  • ISBN Code: : 1473609453
  • Publisher : Teach Yourself
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 574 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Buddhism: A Complete Introduction is a comprehensive and easy-to-use introduction, designed to give you everything you need to succeed, all in one place. Written by a leading expert, this book will help you if you are studying for an important exam or essay, or if you simply want to improve your knowledge. It is structured to mirror the way in which Buddhism is usually taught, starting with the life of the Buddha through to the prospects of Buddhism for the next generation. The book covers all the key areas that are considered central to Buddhism, including the Buddha's teachings, the scriptures and schools, the role of meditation and the moral and ethical context. It uses jargon-free English and includes features such as guided further reading and end of chapter questions to ensure that you understand all the concepts covered.

Vegetarianism and Animal Ethics in Contemporary Buddhism PDF Book By James Stewart

Vegetarianism and Animal Ethics in Contemporary Buddhism

  • Author: James Stewart
  • ISBN Code: : 1317623975
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 234 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 280 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Buddhism is widely known to advocate a stance of total pacifism towards all sentient beings, and because of this, it is often thought that Buddhist doctrine would stipulate that non-violent food practices, such as vegetarianism, be mandatory. However, the Pāli source materials do not encourage vegetarianism and most Buddhists do not practice it. Using research based on ethnographic evidence and interviews, this book discusses this issue by presenting an investigation of vegetarianism and animal ethics within a Buddhist cultural domain. Focusing on Sri Lanka, a place of great historical significance to Buddhism, the book looks at how lay Buddhists and the clergy came to understand the role of vegetarianism and animal ethics in Buddhism. It analyses whether the Buddha preached a view that encouraged vegetarianism, and how this squares with his pacifism towards animals. The book goes on to question how Buddhist food practices intersect with other secular activities such as traditional medicine, as well as discussing the wider implications of Buddhist animal pacifism including vegetarian political movements and animal rights groups. Shedding light on a subject that, until now, has only been tangentially treated by scholars, this interdisciplinary study will be of interest to those working in the fields of Buddhist Studies, Religion and Philosophy, as well as South Asian Studies.

Theravada Buddhism and the British Encounter PDF Book By Elizabeth Harris

Theravada Buddhism and the British Encounter

  • Author: Elizabeth Harris
  • ISBN Code: : 1134196253
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 274 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 299 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This major new work explores the British encounter with Buddhism in nineteenth century Sri Lanka, examining the way Buddhism was represented and constructed in the eyes of the British scholars, officials, travellers and religious seekers who first encountered it. Tracing the three main historical phases of the encounter from 1796 to 1900, the book provides a sensitive and nuanced exegesis of the cultural and political influences that shaped the early British understanding of Buddhism and that would condition its subsequent transmission to the West. Expanding our understanding of inter-religious relations between Christians and Buddhists, the book fills a significant gap in the scholarship on Theravada Buddhism in Sri Lanka by concentrating on missionary writings and presenting a thorough exploration of original materials of several important pioneers in Buddhist studies and mission studies.

Buddhism in a Dark Age PDF Book By Ian Harris

Buddhism in a Dark Age

  • Author: Ian Harris
  • ISBN Code: : 0824865774
  • Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
  • Page : 288 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 128 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This pioneering study of the fate of Buddhism during the communist period in Cambodia puts a human face on a dark period in Cambodia’s history. It is the first sustained analysis of the widely held assumption that the Khmer Rouge under Pol Pot had a centralized plan to liquidate the entire monastic order. Based on a thorough analysis of interview transcripts and a large body of contemporary manuscript material, it offers a nuanced view that attempts to move beyond the horrific monastic death toll and fully evaluate the damage to the Buddhist sangha under Democratic Kampuchea. Compelling evidence exists to suggest that Khmer Rouge leaders were determined to hunt down senior members of the pre-1975 ecclesiastical hierarchy, but other factors also worked against the Buddhist order. Buddhism in a Dark Age outlines a three-phase process in the Khmer Rouge treatment of Buddhism: bureaucratic interference and obstruction, explicit harassment, and finally the elimination of the obdurate and those close to the previous Lon Nol regime. The establishment of a separate revolutionary form of sangha administration constituted the bureaucratic phase. The harassment of monks, both individually and en masse, was partially due to the uprooting of the traditional monastic economy in which lay people were discouraged from feeding economically unproductive monks. Younger members of the order were disrobed and forced into marriage or military service. The final act in the tragedy of Buddhism under the Khmer Rouge was the execution of those monks and senior ecclesiastics who resisted. It was difficult for institutional Buddhism to survive the conditions encountered during the decade under study here. Prince Sihanouk’s overthrow in 1970 marked the end of Buddhism as the central axis around which all other aspects of Cambodian existence revolved and made sense. And under Pol Pot the lay population was strongly discouraged from providing its necessary material support. The book concludes with a discussion of the slow re-establishment and official supervision of the Buddhist order during the People’s Republic of Kampuchea period.

Buddhism and Human Rights PDF Book By Wayne R. Husted,Damien Keown,Charles S. Prebish

Buddhism and Human Rights

  • Author: Wayne R. Husted,Damien Keown,Charles S. Prebish
  • ISBN Code: : 1136603107
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 257 pages
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Reviews : 754 Readers
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Books Synopsis

It is difficult to think of a more urgent question for Buddhism in the late twentieth century than human rights. The political, ethical and philosophical questions surrounding human rights are debated vigorously in political and intellectual circles throughout the world and now in this volume.

The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism PDF Book By Matthew T. Kapstein

The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism

  • Author: Matthew T. Kapstein
  • ISBN Code: : 0190288205
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : 336 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 670 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book explores the Buddhist role in the formation of Tibetan religious thought and identity. In three major sections, the author examines Tibet's eighth-century conversion, sources of dispute within the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, and the continuing revelation of the teaching in both doctrine and myth.

Nation, Constitutionalism and Buddhism in Sri Lanka PDF Book By Roshan de Silva Wijeyeratne

Nation, Constitutionalism and Buddhism in Sri Lanka

  • Author: Roshan de Silva Wijeyeratne
  • ISBN Code: : 113503835X
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 256 pages
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Reviews : 986 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Nation, Constitutionalism and Buddhism in Sri Lanka offers a new perspective on contemporary debates about Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism in Sri Lanka. In this book de Silva Wijeyeratne argues forcefully that ‘Sinhalese Buddhism’ in the period prior to its engagement with the British colonial State signified a relatively unbounded (although at times boundary forming) set of practices that facilitated both the inclusion and exclusion of non-‘Buddhist’ concepts and people within a particular cosmological frame. Juxtaposing the premodern against the backdrop of colonial modernity, de Silva Wijeyeratne tells us that in contrast modern 'Sinhalese Buddhism/nationalism' is a much more reified and bounded concept, one imagined through a 19th century epistemology whose purpose was not so much inclusion, but a much more radical exclusion of non-‘Buddhist’ ideas and people. In this insightful analysis modern Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism, then, emerges through the conjunction of discourse, power and knowledge at a distinct moment in the trajectory of the colonial State. An intrinsic feature of this modernist moment is that premodern categories (such as the cosmic order) were subject to a bureaucratic re-valuation that generated profound consequences for State-society relations and the wider constitutional/legal imaginary. This book goes onto explore how key constitutional and nation-building moments were framed within the cultural milieu of modern Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism – a nationalism that reveals the power of a re-valued Buddhist cosmic order to still inform the present. Given the intensification of the Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist project following the defeat of the Tamil Tigers in 2009, this book is of interest to scholars of nationalism, South Asian studies, the anthropology of ritual, and comparative legal history.

The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism : Conversion, Contestation, and Memory PDF Book By Matthew T. Kapstein Associate Professor in the Department of South Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Chicago Divinity School

The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism : Conversion, Contestation, and Memory

  • Author: Matthew T. Kapstein Associate Professor in the Department of South Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Chicago Divinity School
  • ISBN Code: : 019803007X
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Page : 336 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 255 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book explores the Buddhist role in the formation of Tibetan religious thought and identity. In three major sections, the author examines Tibet's eighth-century conversion, sources of dispute within the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, and the continuing revelation of the teaching in both doctrine and myth.

The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan, 1989-2003 PDF Book By André Laliberté

The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan, 1989-2003

  • Author: André Laliberté
  • ISBN Code: : 1134353537
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 192 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 900 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Laliberté looks at a relatively unexplored aspect of modern Taiwan: the influence of religion on politics. This book offers a detailed survey of three of the most important Buddhist organizations in Taiwan: the Buddhist Association of the Republic of China (BAROC), the Buddha Light Mountain (or Foguanshan) monastic order, and the Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Association (or Ciji). It examines their contrasting approaches to three issues: state supervision of religion, the first presidential election of 1996, and the establishment of the National Health Insurance. This study analyzes the factors that explain the diverse paths the three organizations have taken in the politics of Taiwan. Based on an in-depth examination of Buddhist leaders' behaviour, The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan compels us to question conventional views about the allegedly passive aspect of religious tradition, deference to authority in societies influenced by Confucian culture and the adverse legacy of authoritarian regimes.

Buddhist Modernities PDF Book By Hanna Havnevik,Ute Hüsken,Mark Teeuwen,Vladimir Tikhonov,Koen Wellens

Buddhist Modernities

  • Author: Hanna Havnevik,Ute Hüsken,Mark Teeuwen,Vladimir Tikhonov,Koen Wellens
  • ISBN Code: : 1134884826
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Page : 302 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 865 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The transformations Buddhism has been undergoing in the modern age have inspired much research over the last decade. The main focus of attention has been the phenomenon known as Buddhist modernism, which is defined as a conscious attempt to adjust Buddhist teachings and practices in conformity with the modern norms of rationality, science, or gender equality. This book advances research on Buddhist modernism by attempting to clarify the highly diverse ways in which Buddhist faith, thought, and practice have developed in the modern age, both in Buddhist heartlands in Asia and in the West. It presents a collection of case studies that, taken together, demonstrate how Buddhist traditions interact with modern phenomena such as colonialism and militarism, the market economy, global interconnectedness, the institutionalization of gender equality, and recent historical events such as de-industrialization and the socio-cultural crisis in post-Soviet Buddhist areas. This volume shows how the (re)invention of traditions constitutes an important pathway in the development of Buddhist modernities and emphasizes the pluralistic diversity of these forms in different settings.

Buddhist Warfare PDF Book By Michael Jerryson,Mark Juergensmeyer

Buddhist Warfare

  • Author: Michael Jerryson,Mark Juergensmeyer
  • ISBN Code: : 0199889538
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 480 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Though traditionally regarded as a peaceful religion, Buddhism has a dark side. On multiple occasions over the past fifteen centuries, Buddhist leaders have sanctioned violence, and even war. The eight essays in this book focus on a variety of Buddhist traditions, from antiquity to the present, and show that Buddhist organizations have used religious images and rhetoric to support military conquest throughout history. Buddhist soldiers in sixth century China were given the illustrious status of Bodhisattva after killing their adversaries. In seventeenth century Tibet, the Fifth Dalai Lama endorsed a Mongol ruler's killing of his rivals. And in modern-day Thailand, Buddhist soldiers carry out their duties undercover, as fully ordained monks armed with guns. Buddhist Warfare demonstrates that the discourse on religion and violence, usually applied to Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, can no longer exclude Buddhist traditions. The book examines Buddhist military action in Tibet, China, Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand, and shows that even the most unlikely and allegedly pacifist religious traditions are susceptible to the violent tendencies of man.

Buddhist Fury PDF Book By Michael K. Jerryson

Buddhist Fury

  • Author: Michael K. Jerryson
  • ISBN Code: : 0199793298
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : 288 pages
  • Genre : Religion
  • Reviews : 312 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Buddhist violence is not a well-known concept. In fact, it is generally considered an oxymoron. An image of a Buddhist monk holding a handgun or the idea of a militarized Buddhist monastery tends to stretch the imagination; yet these sights exist throughout southern Thailand. Michael Jerryson offers an extensive examination of one of the least known but longest-running conflicts of Southeast Asia. Part of this conflict, based primarily in Thailand's southernmost provinces, is fueled by religious divisions. Thailand's total population is over 92 percent Buddhist, but over 85 percent of the people in the southernmost provinces are Muslim. Since 2004, the Thai government has imposed martial law over the territory and combatted a grass-roots militant Malay Muslim insurgency. Buddhist Fury reveals the Buddhist parameters of the conflict within a global context. Through fieldwork in the conflict area, Jerryson chronicles the habits of Buddhist monks in the militarized zone. Many Buddhist practices remain unchanged. Buddhist monks continue to chant, counsel the laity, and accrue merit. Yet at the same time, monks zealously advocate Buddhist nationalism, act as covert military officers, and equip themselves with guns. Buddhist Fury displays the methods by which religion alters the nature of the conflict and shows the dangers of this transformation.