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Mathematics for the Practical Man PDF Book By George Howe

Mathematics for the Practical Man

  • Author: George Howe
  • ISBN Code: : 5876415529
  • Publisher : Рипол Классик
  • Page : 150 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 211 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book Mathematics for the Practical Man

Calculus for the Practical Man PDF Book By J. E. Thompson

Calculus for the Practical Man

  • Author: J. E. Thompson
  • ISBN Code: : 1446547086
  • Publisher : Read Books Ltd
  • Page : 360 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 189 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book on calculus is one of a series designed by the author and publisher for the reader with an interest in the meaning and simpler technique of mathematical science, and for those who wish to obtain a practical mastery of some of the more usual and directly useful branches of the science without the aid of a teacher. Like the other books in the series it is the outgrowth of the author's experience with students such as those mentioned and the demand experienced by the publisher for books which may be read as well as studied. One of the outstanding features of the book is the use of the method of rates instead of the method of limits. To the conventional teacher of mathematics, whose students work for a college degree and look toward the modern theory of functions, the author hastens to say that for their purposes the limit method is the only method which can profitably be used. To the readers contemplated in the preparation of this book, however, the notion of a limit and any method of calculation based upon it always seem artificial and not in any way connected with the familiar ideas of numbers, algebraic symbolism or natural phenomena. On the other hand, the method of rates seems a direct application of the principle which such a reader has often heard mentioned as the extension of arithmetic and algebra with which he must become acquainted before he can perform calculations which involve changing quantities. The familiarity of examples of changing quantities in every-day life also makes it a simple matter to introduce the terminology of the calculus; teachers and readers will recall the difficulty encountered in this connection in more formal treatments. The scope and range of the book are evident from the table of contents. The topics usually found in books on the calculus but not appearing here are omitted in conformity with the plan of the book as stated in the first paragraph above. An attempt has been made to approach the several parts of the subject as naturally and directly as possible, to show as clearly as possible the unity and continuity of the subject as a whole, to show what the calculus is all about and how it is used, and to present the material in as simple, straightforward and informal a style as it will permit. It is hoped thus that the book will be of the greatest interest and usefulness to the readers mentioned above.

Mathematics for the Nonmathematician PDF Book By Morris Kline

Mathematics for the Nonmathematician

  • Author: Morris Kline
  • ISBN Code: : 0486316130
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Page : 672 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 453 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Erudite and entertaining overview follows development of mathematics from ancient Greeks to present. Topics include logic and mathematics, the fundamental concept, differential calculus, probability theory, much more. Exercises and problems.

Concepts of Modern Mathematics PDF Book By Ian Stewart

Concepts of Modern Mathematics

  • Author: Ian Stewart
  • ISBN Code: : 0486134954
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Page : 368 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 363 Readers
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Books Synopsis

In this charming volume, a noted English mathematician uses humor and anecdote to illuminate the concepts of groups, sets, subsets, topology, Boolean algebra, and other mathematical subjects. 200 illustrations.

Burn Math Class PDF Book By Jason Wilkes

Burn Math Class

  • Author: Jason Wilkes
  • ISBN Code: : 0465073816
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Page : 400 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 740 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A manifesto for a mathematical revolution Forget everything you've been taught about math. In Burn Math Class, Jason Wilkes takes the traditional approach to how we learn math -- with its unwelcoming textbooks, unexplained rules, and authoritarian assertions-and sets it on fire. Focusing on how mathematics is created rather than on mathematical facts, Wilkes teaches the subject in a way that requires no memorization and no prior knowledge beyond addition and multiplication. From these simple foundations, Burn Math Class shows how mathematics can be (re)invented from scratch without preexisting textbooks and courses. We can discover math on our own through experimentation and failure, without appealing to any outside authority. When math is created free from arcane notations and pretentious jargon that hide the simplicity of mathematical concepts, it can be understood organically -- and it becomes fun! Following this unconventional approach, Burn Math Class leads the reader from the basics of elementary arithmetic to various "advanced" topics, such as time-dilation in special relativity, Taylor series, and calculus in infinite-dimensional spaces. Along the way, Wilkes argues that orthodox mathematics education has been teaching the subject backward: calculus belongs before many of its so-called prerequisites, and those prerequisites cannot be fully understood without calculus. Like the smartest, craziest teacher you've ever had, Wilkes guides you on an adventure in mathematical creation that will radically change the way you think about math. Revealing the beauty and simplicity of this timeless subject, Burn Math Class turns everything that seems difficult about mathematics upside down and sideways until you understand just how easy math can be.

Practical Discrete Mathematics PDF Book By Ryan T. White,Archana Tikayat Ray

Practical Discrete Mathematics

  • Author: Ryan T. White,Archana Tikayat Ray
  • ISBN Code: : 1838983503
  • Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
  • Page : 330 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 819 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A practical guide simplifying discrete math for curious minds and demonstrating its application in solving problems related to software development, computer algorithms, and data science Key FeaturesApply the math of countable objects to practical problems in computer scienceExplore modern Python libraries such as scikit-learn, NumPy, and SciPy for performing mathematicsLearn complex statistical and mathematical concepts with the help of hands-on examples and expert guidanceBook Description Discrete mathematics deals with studying countable, distinct elements, and its principles are widely used in building algorithms for computer science and data science. The knowledge of discrete math concepts will help you understand the algorithms, binary, and general mathematics that sit at the core of data-driven tasks. Practical Discrete Mathematics is a comprehensive introduction for those who are new to the mathematics of countable objects. This book will help you get up to speed with using discrete math principles to take your computer science skills to a more advanced level. As you learn the language of discrete mathematics, you'll also cover methods crucial to studying and describing computer science and machine learning objects and algorithms. The chapters that follow will guide you through how memory and CPUs work. In addition to this, you'll understand how to analyze data for useful patterns, before finally exploring how to apply math concepts in network routing, web searching, and data science. By the end of this book, you'll have a deeper understanding of discrete math and its applications in computer science, and be ready to work on real-world algorithm development and machine learning. What you will learnUnderstand the terminology and methods in discrete math and their usage in algorithms and data problemsUse Boolean algebra in formal logic and elementary control structuresImplement combinatorics to measure computational complexity and manage memory allocationUse random variables, calculate descriptive statistics, and find average-case computational complexitySolve graph problems involved in routing, pathfinding, and graph searches, such as depth-first searchPerform ML tasks such as data visualization, regression, and dimensionality reductionWho this book is for This book is for computer scientists looking to expand their knowledge of discrete math, the core topic of their field. University students looking to get hands-on with computer science, mathematics, statistics, engineering, or related disciplines will also find this book useful. Basic Python programming skills and knowledge of elementary real-number algebra are required to get started with this book.

Math for Real Life PDF Book By Jim Libby

Math for Real Life

  • Author: Jim Libby
  • ISBN Code: : 1476626758
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Page : 212 pages
  • Genre : Education
  • Reviews : 522 Readers
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Books Synopsis

“Where are we ever going to use this?” Every high school math student has asked this question. Often teachers themselves aren’t sure how to respond. One answer is that higher mathematics learned in high school will be essential to learning yet more at the college level. A more satisfactory answer calls for an awareness of how math is applied in many specific areas. Written primarily for teachers, this book presents hundreds of practical applications for mathematics—from baseball statistics to the theory of relativity—that can be understood by anyone with a knowledge of high school algebra, geometry and trigonometry.

The Joy Of X PDF Book By Steven Strogatz

The Joy Of X

  • Author: Steven Strogatz
  • ISBN Code: : 0547517661
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Page : 336 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 328 Readers
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Books Synopsis

“Delightful . . . easily digestible chapters include plenty of helpful examples and illustrations. You'll never forget the Pythagorean theorem again!”—Scientific American Many people take math in high school and promptly forget much of it. But math plays a part in all of our lives all of the time, whether we know it or not. In The Joy of x, Steven Strogatz expands on his hit New York Times series to explain the big ideas of math gently and clearly, with wit, insight, and brilliant illustrations. Whether he is illuminating how often you should flip your mattress to get the maximum lifespan from it, explaining just how Google searches the internet, or determining how many people you should date before settling down, Strogatz shows how math connects to every aspect of life. Discussing pop culture, medicine, law, philosophy, art, and business, Strogatz is the math teacher you wish you’d had. Whether you aced integral calculus or aren’t sure what an integer is, you’ll find profound wisdom and persistent delight in The Joy of x.

Math Through the Ages PDF Book By William P. Berlinghoff,Fernando Q. Gouvea

Math Through the Ages

  • Author: William P. Berlinghoff,Fernando Q. Gouvea
  • ISBN Code: : 0486838978
  • Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
  • Page : 272 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 988 Readers
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Books Synopsis

"A pleasure to read." — Barry Mazur, Harvard University. Designed for students just beginning their study, this concise introductory history of mathematics covers such subjects as algebra symbols, negative numbers, the metric system, quadratic equations, and much more. 2014 edition.

Categories for the Working Mathematician PDF Book By Saunders MacLane

Categories for the Working Mathematician

  • Author: Saunders MacLane
  • ISBN Code: : 1461298393
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Page : 262 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 743 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Category Theory has developed rapidly. This book aims to present those ideas and methods which can now be effectively used by Mathe maticians working in a variety of other fields of Mathematical research. This occurs at several levels. On the first level, categories provide a convenient conceptual language, based on the notions of category, functor, natural transformation, contravariance, and functor category. These notions are presented, with appropriate examples, in Chapters I and II. Next comes the fundamental idea of an adjoint pair of functors. This appears in many substantially equivalent forms: That of universal construction, that of direct and inverse limit, and that of pairs offunctors with a natural isomorphism between corresponding sets of arrows. All these forms, with their interrelations, are examined in Chapters III to V. The slogan is "Adjoint functors arise everywhere". Alternatively, the fundamental notion of category theory is that of a monoid -a set with a binary operation of multiplication which is associative and which has a unit; a category itself can be regarded as a sort of general ized monoid. Chapters VI and VII explore this notion and its generaliza tions. Its close connection to pairs of adjoint functors illuminates the ideas of universal algebra and culminates in Beck's theorem characterizing categories of algebras; on the other hand, categories with a monoidal structure (given by a tensor product) lead inter alia to the study of more convenient categories of topological spaces.

Uncle Petros and Goldbach's Conjecture PDF Book By Apostolos Doxiadis

Uncle Petros and Goldbach's Conjecture

  • Author: Apostolos Doxiadis
  • ISBN Code: : 057129569X
  • Publisher : Faber & Faber
  • Page : 224 pages
  • Genre : Fiction
  • Reviews : 801 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Uncle Petros is a family joke. An ageing recluse, he lives alone in a suburb of Athens, playing chess and tending to his garden. If you didn't know better, you'd surely think he was one of life's failures. But his young nephew suspects otherwise. For Uncle Petros, he discovers, was once a celebrated mathematician, brilliant and foolhardy enough to stake everything on solving a problem that had defied all attempts at proof for nearly three centuries - Goldbach's Conjecture. His quest brings him into contact with some of the century's greatest mathematicians, including the Indian prodigy Ramanujan and the young Alan Turing. But his struggle is lonely and single-minded, and by the end it has apparently destroyed his life. Until that is a final encounter with his nephew opens up to Petros, once more, the deep mysterious beauty of mathematics. Uncle Petros and Goldbach's Conjecture is an inspiring novel of intellectual adventure, proud genius, the exhilaration of pure mathematics - and the rivalry and antagonism which torment those who pursue impossible goals.

What Is Mathematics? PDF Book By the late Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins

What Is Mathematics?

  • Author: the late Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins
  • ISBN Code: : 9780199754878
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : 592 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 383 Readers
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Books Synopsis

For more than two thousand years a familiarity with mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today, unfortunately, the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. The teaching and learning of mathematics has degenerated into the realm of rote memorization, the outcome of which leads to satisfactory formal ability but does not lead to real understanding or to greater intellectual independence. This new edition of Richard Courant's and Herbert Robbins's classic work seeks to address this problem. Its goal is to put the meaning back into mathematics. Written for beginners and scholars, for students and teachers, for philosophers and engineers, What is Mathematics?, Second Edition is a sparkling collection of mathematical gems that offers an entertaining and accessible portrait of the mathematical world. Covering everything from natural numbers and the number system to geometrical constructions and projective geometry, from topology and calculus to matters of principle and the Continuum Hypothesis, this fascinating survey allows readers to delve into mathematics as an organic whole rather than an empty drill in problem solving. With chapters largely independent of one another and sections that lead upward from basic to more advanced discussions, readers can easily pick and choose areas of particular interest without impairing their understanding of subsequent parts. Brought up to date with a new chapter by Ian Stewart, What is Mathematics?, Second Edition offers new insights into recent mathematical developments and describes proofs of the Four-Color Theorem and Fermat's Last Theorem, problems that were still open when Courant and Robbins wrote this masterpiece, but ones that have since been solved. Formal mathematics is like spelling and grammar--a matter of the correct application of local rules. Meaningful mathematics is like journalism--it tells an interesting story. But unlike some journalism, the story has to be true. The best mathematics is like literature--it brings a story to life before your eyes and involves you in it, intellectually and emotionally. What is Mathematics is like a fine piece of literature--it opens a window onto the world of mathematics for anyone interested to view.

Thinking Better PDF Book By Marcus Du Sautoy

Thinking Better

  • Author: Marcus Du Sautoy
  • ISBN Code: : 1541600371
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Page : 314 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 596 Readers
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Books Synopsis

One of the world's great mathematicians shows why math is the ultimate timesaver—and how everyone can make their lives easier with a few simple shortcuts. We are often told that hard work is the key to success. But success isn’t about hard work – it’s about shortcuts. Shortcuts allow us to solve one problem quickly so that we can tackle an even bigger one. They make us capable of doing great things. And according to Marcus du Sautoy, math is the very art of the shortcut. Thinking Better is a celebration of how math lets us do more with less. Du Sautoy explores how diagramming revolutionized therapy, why calculus is the greatest shortcut ever invented, whether you must really practice for ten thousand hours to become a concert violinist, and why shortcuts give us an advantage over even the most powerful AI. Throughout, we meet artists, scientists, and entrepreneurs who use mathematical shortcuts to change the world. Delightful, illuminating, and above all practical, Thinking Better is for anyone who has wondered why you should waste time climbing the mountain when you could go around it much faster.

The First 20 Hours PDF Book By Josh Kaufman

The First 20 Hours

  • Author: Josh Kaufman
  • ISBN Code: : 1101623047
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Page : 288 pages
  • Genre : Self-Help
  • Reviews : 612 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Forget the 10,000 hour rule— what if it’s possible to learn the basics of any new skill in 20 hours or less? Take a moment to consider how many things you want to learn to do. What’s on your list? What’s holding you back from getting started? Are you worried about the time and effort it takes to acquire new skills—time you don’t have and effort you can’t spare? Research suggests it takes 10,000 hours to develop a new skill. In this nonstop world when will you ever find that much time and energy? To make matters worse, the early hours of prac­ticing something new are always the most frustrating. That’s why it’s difficult to learn how to speak a new language, play an instrument, hit a golf ball, or shoot great photos. It’s so much easier to watch TV or surf the web . . . In The First 20 Hours, Josh Kaufman offers a systematic approach to rapid skill acquisition— how to learn any new skill as quickly as possible. His method shows you how to deconstruct com­plex skills, maximize productive practice, and remove common learning barriers. By complet­ing just 20 hours of focused, deliberate practice you’ll go from knowing absolutely nothing to performing noticeably well. Kaufman personally field-tested the meth­ods in this book. You’ll have a front row seat as he develops a personal yoga practice, writes his own web-based computer programs, teaches himself to touch type on a nonstandard key­board, explores the oldest and most complex board game in history, picks up the ukulele, and learns how to windsurf. Here are a few of the sim­ple techniques he teaches: Define your target performance level: Fig­ure out what your desired level of skill looks like, what you’re trying to achieve, and what you’ll be able to do when you’re done. The more specific, the better. Deconstruct the skill: Most of the things we think of as skills are actually bundles of smaller subskills. If you break down the subcompo­nents, it’s easier to figure out which ones are most important and practice those first. Eliminate barriers to practice: Removing common distractions and unnecessary effort makes it much easier to sit down and focus on deliberate practice. Create fast feedback loops: Getting accu­rate, real-time information about how well you’re performing during practice makes it much easier to improve. Whether you want to paint a portrait, launch a start-up, fly an airplane, or juggle flaming chain­saws, The First 20 Hours will help you pick up the basics of any skill in record time . . . and have more fun along the way.

An Introduction to Mathematics PDF Book By Alfred North Whitehead

An Introduction to Mathematics

  • Author: Alfred North Whitehead
  • ISBN Code: : 0486821382
  • Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
  • Page : 176 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 970 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Concise volume for general students by prominent philosopher and mathematician explains what math is and does, and how mathematicians do it. "Lucid and cogent ... should delight you." — The New York Times. 1911 edition.

The Art of Logic in an Illogical World PDF Book By Eugenia Cheng

The Art of Logic in an Illogical World

  • Author: Eugenia Cheng
  • ISBN Code: : 154167250X
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Page : 288 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 542 Readers
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Books Synopsis

How both logical and emotional reasoning can help us live better in our post-truth world In a world where fake news stories change election outcomes, has rationality become futile? In The Art of Logic in an Illogical World, Eugenia Cheng throws a lifeline to readers drowning in the illogic of contemporary life. Cheng is a mathematician, so she knows how to make an airtight argument. But even for her, logic sometimes falls prey to emotion, which is why she still fears flying and eats more cookies than she should. If a mathematician can't be logical, what are we to do? In this book, Cheng reveals the inner workings and limitations of logic, and explains why alogic -- for example, emotion -- is vital to how we think and communicate. Cheng shows us how to use logic and alogic together to navigate a world awash in bigotry, mansplaining, and manipulative memes. Insightful, useful, and funny, this essential book is for anyone who wants to think more clearly.

Anxiety and the Equation PDF Book By Eric Johnson

Anxiety and the Equation

  • Author: Eric Johnson
  • ISBN Code: : 0262348543
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Page : 193 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 810 Readers
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Books Synopsis

A man and his equation: the anxiety-plagued nineteenth-century physicist who contributed significantly to our understanding of the second law of thermodynamics. Ludwig Boltzmann's grave in Vienna's Central Cemetery bears a cryptic epitaph: S = k log W. This equation was Boltzmann's great discovery, and it contributed significantly to our understanding of the second law of thermodynamics. In Anxiety and the Equation, Eric Johnson tells the story of a man and his equation: the anxiety-plagued nineteenth-century physicist who did his most important work as he struggled with mental illness. Johnson explains that “S” in Boltzmann's equation refers to entropy, and that entropy is the central quantity in the second law of thermodynamics. The second law is always on, running in the background of our lives, providing a way to differentiate between past and future. We know that the future will be a state of higher entropy than the past, and we have Boltzmann to thank for discovering the equation that underlies that fundamental trend. Johnson, accessibly and engagingly, reassembles Boltzmann's equation from its various components and presents episodes from Boltzmann's life—beginning at the end, with “Boltzmann Kills Himself” and “Boltzmann Is Buried (Not Once, But Twice).” Johnson explains the second law in simple terms, introduces key concepts through thought experiments, and explores Boltzmann's work. He argues that Boltzmann, diagnosed by his contemporaries as neurasthenic, suffered from an anxiety disorder. He was, says Johnson, a man of reason who suffered from irrational concerns about his work, worrying especially about opposition from the scientific establishment of the day. Johnson's clear and concise explanations will acquaint the nonspecialist reader with such seemingly esoteric concepts as microstates, macrostates, fluctuations, the distribution of energy, log functions, and equilibrium. He describes Boltzmann's relationships with other scientists, including Max Planck and Henri Poincaré, and, finally, imagines “an alternative ending,” in which Boltzmann lived on and died of natural causes.

A Wealth of Numbers PDF Book By Benjamin Wardhaugh

A Wealth of Numbers

  • Author: Benjamin Wardhaugh
  • ISBN Code: : 1400841984
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Page : 392 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 228 Readers
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Books Synopsis

An entertaining and informative anthology of popular math writing from the Renaissance to cyberspace Despite what we may sometimes imagine, popular mathematics writing didn't begin with Martin Gardner. In fact, it has a rich tradition stretching back hundreds of years. This entertaining and enlightening antholog—the first of its kind—gathers nearly one hundred fascinating selections from the past 500 years of popular math writing, bringing to life a little-known side of math history. Ranging from the late fifteenth to the late twentieth century, and drawing from books, newspapers, magazines, and websites, A Wealth of Numbers includes recreational, classroom, and work mathematics; mathematical histories and biographies; accounts of higher mathematics; explanations of mathematical instruments; discussions of how math should be taught and learned; reflections on the place of math in the world; and math in fiction and humor. Featuring many tricks, games, problems, and puzzles, as well as much history and trivia, the selections include a sixteenth-century guide to making a horizontal sundial; "Newton for the Ladies" (1739); Leonhard Euler on the idea of velocity (1760); "Mathematical Toys" (1785); a poetic version of the rule of three (1792); "Lotteries and Mountebanks" (1801); Lewis Carroll on the game of logic (1887); "Maps and Mazes" (1892); "Einstein's Real Achievement" (1921); "Riddles in Mathematics" (1945); "New Math for Parents" (1966); and "PC Astronomy" (1997). Organized by thematic chapters, each selection is placed in context by a brief introduction. A unique window into the hidden history of popular mathematics, A Wealth of Numbers will provide many hours of fun and learning to anyone who loves popular mathematics and science.

Wisdom of Henry Hazlitt, The PDF Book By

Wisdom of Henry Hazlitt, The

  • Author:
  • ISBN Code: : 1610163036
  • Publisher : Ludwig von Mises Institute
  • Page : pages
  • Genre :
  • Reviews : 156 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book Wisdom of Henry Hazlitt, The

Physical Principles of Chemical Engineering PDF Book By Peter Grassmann

Physical Principles of Chemical Engineering

  • Author: Peter Grassmann
  • ISBN Code: : 1483153843
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Page : 928 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 284 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Physical Principles of Chemical Engineering covers the significant advancements in the understanding of the physical principles of chemical engineering. This book is composed of 12 chapters that describe chemical unit processes through analogy with the unit of operations of chemical engineering. The introductory chapters survey the concept and principles of mass and energy balances, as well as the application of entropy. The next chapters deal with the probability and kinetic theories of gases, the physical aspects of solids, the different dispersed systems, and the principles and application of fluid dynamics. Other chapters discuss the property dimension and model theory; heat, mass, and momentum transfer; and the characteristics of multiphase flow processes. The final chapters review the model of rheological bodies, the molecular-kinetic interpretations of rheological behavior, and the principles of reaction kinetics. This book will prove useful to chemical engineers.

Fundamentals of Modern Mathematics PDF Book By David B. MacNeil

Fundamentals of Modern Mathematics

  • Author: David B. MacNeil
  • ISBN Code: : 0486316149
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Page : 320 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 677 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Students and others wishing to know more about the practical side of mathematics will find this volume a highly informative resource. Accessible explanations of important concepts feature worked examples and diagrams. 1963 edition.

The Human Situation PDF Book By W. MacNeile Dixon

The Human Situation

  • Author: W. MacNeile Dixon
  • ISBN Code: : 1447497481
  • Publisher : Read Books Ltd
  • Page : 448 pages
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 564 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Originally published in the late 1930's, 'The Human Situation'; was written by W. MacNeile Dixon, a great philosopher in his time. The author was the Regius Professor of English Language and Literature at the University of Glasgow from 1904 until his retirement in 1935. Published in the late 1930s, 'The Human Situation' comprises the Gifford Lectures (renowned in philosophical circles) delivered at the University of Glasgow from 1935 to 1937.

Practical Female Psychology : for the Practical Man PDF Book By David Clare,Joseph W. South,Franco

Practical Female Psychology : for the Practical Man

  • Author: David Clare,Joseph W. South,Franco
  • ISBN Code: : 1257135392
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : Family & Relationships
  • Reviews : 774 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Practical Female Psychology for the Practical Man is a unique examination of women and relationships in an era of material equality between the sexes. Despite vast gains in the welfare of women, especially in the modern West, both men and women are finding relationships ranging from dating to marriage increasingly difficult. The authors draw upon cutting edge science in evolutionary biology, and neuropsychology, and vast personal experience with women to distill some simple and practical principles men will find useful for creating and maintaining relationships with emotionally compatible women.

A Brief History of Light and Those That Lit the Way PDF Book By Richard J Weiss

A Brief History of Light and Those That Lit the Way

  • Author: Richard J Weiss
  • ISBN Code: : 9814500003
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Page : 188 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 532 Readers
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Books Synopsis

From Leonardo to Oppenheimer, from candles to lasers, from cave drawings to cinema, from stonehenge to quantum mechanics, from Genesis to the Big Bang, light has filled our thoughts, our way of life, our aesthetics, our technology, and our means for survival. Richard Weiss leads us along these paths over the past 500 light years. The way is lit by pioneers such as Rembrandt, Einstein, D W Griffith, Newton, and Heisenberg. A BRIEF HISTORY OF LIGHT, AND THOSE THAT LIT THE WAY is a summer's day roller-coaster ride through five centuries of man's achievements in understanding and manipulating light. Contents:16th and 17th Centuries18th Century19th CenturyEarly 20th Century — Part 1Tutorial 1, The Photon and the ElectronEarly 20th Century — Part 2Tutorial 2, Photons and ElectronsEarly 20th Century — Part 3Tutorial 3, Riding a PhotonEarly 20th Century — Part 4Tutorial 4, Illusion and RealityEarly 20th Century — Part 5Latter Half of the 20th Century — Part 1Tutorial 5, Photons versus ElectronsLatter Half of the 20th Century — Part 2 Readership: General. keywords:Issac Newton;B Thompson;Photography;C Monet;Color Photography;R W Wood;Max Planck;N Bohr;B Franklin;C Wheatstone;Henry Fox Talbot;Photons;Leonardo;Galileo;Einstein;Oppenheimer;M Born;Heisenberg;Lasers;A Compton;Aether;E Muybridge;V C Maxwell;Edison;Lewis Carroll;A Michelson”This book traces the interplay of the forces in the history of light from the seventeenth century to the present. It provides engaging portraits of many of the scientists whose achievements constituted that history, and of major inventors and artistic and literary figures who contributed to or were influenced by it. The result is a book written in a style eminently suitable for a general audience.”Prof. Roger Stuewer History of Science, Univ. of Minnesota

Centrifugal Pumps PDF Book By Louis Centennial Loewenstein

Centrifugal Pumps

  • Author: Louis Centennial Loewenstein
  • ISBN Code: : 5875465859
  • Publisher : Рипол Классик
  • Page : 435 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 549 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Read and download full book Centrifugal Pumps

Factoring and Algebra - A Selection of Classic Mathematical Articles Containing Examples and Exercises on the Subject of Algebra (Mathematics Series) PDF Book By Various

Factoring and Algebra - A Selection of Classic Mathematical Articles Containing Examples and Exercises on the Subject of Algebra (Mathematics Series)

  • Author: Various
  • ISBN Code: : 1473358779
  • Publisher : Read Books Ltd
  • Page : 67 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 857 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This book contains classic material dating back to the 1900s and before. The content has been carefully selected for its interest and relevance to a modern audience. Carefully selecting the best articles from our collection we have compiled a series of historical and informative publications on the subject of mathematics. The titles in this range include "Ratio and Proportion" "Simple Equations" "Simultaneous Equations" and many more. Each publication has been professionally curated and includes all details on the original source material. This particular instalment, "Factoring and Algebra" contains a selection of classic educational articles containing examples and exercises on the subject of algebra. It is intended to illustrate aspects of factoring and serves as a guide for anyone wishing to obtain a general knowledge of the subject. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Technoscientific Research PDF Book By Roman Z. Morawski

Technoscientific Research

  • Author: Roman Z. Morawski
  • ISBN Code: : 3110584069
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Page : 516 pages
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 985 Readers
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Books Synopsis

From the content: Introduction Mathematical modelling Measurement Scientific explanation Context of discovery Context of justification Uncertainty of scientific knowledge Morality and moral philosophy System ofvalues associated with science General principles of moral decision-making Researchethics Methodological and ethical issues related to experimentation Methodological and ethical issues to researchinformation Methodological and ethical issuesrelated to legal protection of intellectual property

Probabilities in Physics PDF Book By Claus Beisbart,Stephan Hartmann

Probabilities in Physics

  • Author: Claus Beisbart,Stephan Hartmann
  • ISBN Code: : 0191618209
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 792 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Many results of modern physics—those of quantum mechanics, for instance—come in a probabilistic guise. But what do probabilistic statements in physics mean? Are probabilities matters of objective fact and part of the furniture of the world, as objectivists think? Or do they only express ignorance or belief, as Bayesians suggest? And how are probabilistic hypotheses justified and supported by empirical evidence? Finally, what does the probabilistic nature of physics imply for our understanding of the world? This volume is the first to provide a philosophical appraisal of probabilities in all of physics. Its main aim is to make sense of probabilistic statements as they occur in the various physical theories and models and to provide a plausible epistemology and metaphysics of probabilities. The essays collected here consider statistical physics, probabilistic modelling, and quantum mechanics, and critically assess the merits and disadvantages of objectivist and subjectivist views of probabilities in these fields. In particular, the Bayesian and Humean views of probabilities and the varieties of Boltzmann's typicality approach are examined. The contributions on quantum mechanics discuss the special character of quantum correlations, the justification of the famous Born Rule, and the role of probabilities in a quantum field theoretic framework. Finally, the connections between probabilities and foundational issues in physics are explored. The Reversibility Paradox, the notion of entropy, and the ontology of quantum mechanics are discussed. Other essays consider Humean supervenience and the question whether the physical world is deterministic.

Einstein's Fridge PDF Book By Paul Sen

Einstein's Fridge

  • Author: Paul Sen
  • ISBN Code: : 1501181327
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Page : 320 pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 383 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This entertaining, eye-opening account of how the laws of thermodynamics are essential to understanding the world today—from refrigeration and jet engines to calorie counting and global warming—is “a lesson in how to do popular science right” (Kirkus Reviews). Einstein’s Fridge tells the incredible epic story of the scientists who, over two centuries, harnessed the power of heat and ice and formulated a theory essential to comprehending our universe. “Although thermodynamics has been studied for hundreds of years…few nonscientists appreciate how its principles have shaped the modern world” (Scientific American). Thermodynamics—the branch of physics that deals with energy and entropy—governs everything from the behavior of living cells to the black hole at the center of our galaxy. Not only that, but thermodynamics explains why we must eat and breathe, how lights turn on, the limits of computing, and how the universe will end. The brilliant people who decoded its laws came from every branch of the sciences; they were engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, cosmologists, and mathematicians. From French military engineer and physicist Sadi Carnot to Lord Kelvin, James Joule, Albert Einstein, Emmy Noether, Alan Turing, and Stephen Hawking, author Paul Sen introduces us to all of the players who passed the baton of scientific progress through time and across nations. Incredibly driven and idealistic, these brave pioneers performed groundbreaking work often in the face of torment and tragedy. Their discoveries helped create the modern world and transformed every branch of science, from biology to cosmology. “Elegantly written and engaging” (Financial Times), Einstein’s Fridge brings to life one of the most important scientific revolutions of all time and captures the thrill of discovery and the power of scientific progress to shape the course of history.

The Man Who Counted: A Collection of Mathematical Adventures PDF Book By Malba Tahan

The Man Who Counted: A Collection of Mathematical Adventures

  • Author: Malba Tahan
  • ISBN Code: : 0393254313
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Page : 256 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 595 Readers
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Books Synopsis

“A great storyteller.”—Paulo Coelho, author of The Alchemist Malba Tahan is the creation of a celebrated Brazilian mathematician looking for a way to bring some of the mysteries and pleasures of mathematics to a wider public. The adventures of Beremiz Samir, The Man Who Counted, take the reader on a journey in which, time and again, Samir summons his extraordinary mathematical powers to settle disputes, give wise advice, overcome dangerous enemies, and win for himself fame, fortune, and rich rewards. We learn of previous mathematicians and come to admire Samir’s wisdom and patience. In the grace of Tahan’s telling, these stories hold unusual delights for the reader.

Visual Culture and Mathematics in the Early Modern Period PDF Book By Ingrid Alexander-Skipnes

Visual Culture and Mathematics in the Early Modern Period

  • Author: Ingrid Alexander-Skipnes
  • ISBN Code: : 1317192060
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Page : 204 pages
  • Genre : Art
  • Reviews : 511 Readers
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Books Synopsis

During the early modern period there was a natural correspondence between how artists might benefit from the knowledge of mathematics and how mathematicians might explore, through advances in the study of visual culture, new areas of enquiry that would uncover the mysteries of the visible world. This volume makes its contribution by offering new interdisciplinary approaches that not only investigate perspective but also examine how mathematics enriched aesthetic theory and the human mind. The contributors explore the portrayal of mathematical activity and mathematicians as well as their ideas and instruments, how artists displayed their mathematical skills and the choices visual artists made between geometry and arithmetic, as well as Euclid’s impact on drawing, artistic practice and theory. These chapters cover a broad geographical area that includes Italy, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, France and England. The artists, philosophers and mathematicians whose work is discussed include Leon Battista Alberti, Nicholas Cusanus, Marsilio Ficino, Francesco di Giorgio, Leonardo da Vinci and Andrea del Verrocchio, as well as Michelangelo, Galileo, Piero della Francesca, Girard Desargues, William Hogarth, Albrecht Dürer, Luca Pacioli and Raphael.

A Divine Language PDF Book By Alec Wilkinson

A Divine Language

  • Author: Alec Wilkinson
  • ISBN Code: : 1250168589
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Page : 304 pages
  • Genre : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reviews : 375 Readers
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Books Synopsis

"There is almost no writer I admire as much as I do Alec Wilkinson. He’s an extraordinary reporter and a writer of such grace that his stories seem illuminated from within. His work has enduring brilliance and humanity.” —Susan Orlean, author of The Library Book A spirited, metaphysical exploration into math's deepest mysteries and conundrums at the crux of middle age. Decades after struggling to understand math as a boy, Alec Wilkinson decides to embark on a journey to learn it as a middle-aged man. What begins as a personal challenge—and it's challenging—soon transforms into something greater than a belabored effort to learn math. Despite his incompetence, Wilkinson encounters a universe of unexpected mysteries in his pursuit of mathematical knowledge and quickly becomes fascinated; soon, his exercise in personal growth (and torture) morphs into an intellectually expansive exploration. In A Divine Language, Wilkinson, a contributor to The New Yorker for over forty years, journeys into the heart of the divine aspect of mathematics—its mysteries, challenges, and revelations—since antiquity. As he submits himself to the lure of deep mathematics, he takes the reader through his investigations into the subject’s big questions—number theory and the creation of numbers, the debate over math’s human or otherworldly origins, problems and equations that remain unsolved after centuries, the conundrum of prime numbers. Writing with warm humor and sharp observation as he traverses practical math’s endless frustrations and rewards, Wilkinson provides an awe-inspiring account of an adventure from a land of strange sights. Part memoir, part metaphysical travel book, and part journey in self-improvement, A Divine Language is one man’s second attempt at understanding the numbers in front of him, and the world beyond.

Handbook of Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists PDF Book By Andrei D. Polyanin,Alexander V. Manzhirov

Handbook of Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists

  • Author: Andrei D. Polyanin,Alexander V. Manzhirov
  • ISBN Code: : 1420010514
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Page : 1544 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 586 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The Handbook of Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists covers the main fields of mathematics and focuses on the methods used for obtaining solutions of various classes of mathematical equations that underlie the mathematical modeling of numerous phenomena and processes in science and technology. To accommodate different mathematical backgrounds, the preeminent authors outline the material in a simplified, schematic manner, avoiding special terminology wherever possible. Organized in ascending order of complexity, the material is divided into two parts. The first part is a coherent survey of the most important definitions, formulas, equations, methods, and theorems. It covers arithmetic, elementary and analytic geometry, algebra, differential and integral calculus, special functions, calculus of variations, and probability theory. Numerous specific examples clarify the methods for solving problems and equations. The second part provides many in-depth mathematical tables, including those of exact solutions of various types of equations. This concise, comprehensive compendium of mathematical definitions, formulas, and theorems provides the foundation for exploring scientific and technological phenomena.

The War of Guns and Mathematics PDF Book By David Aubin,Catherine Goldstein

The War of Guns and Mathematics

  • Author: David Aubin,Catherine Goldstein
  • ISBN Code: : 1470414694
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Society
  • Page : 391 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 516 Readers
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Books Synopsis

For a long time, World War I has been shortchanged by the historiography of science. Until recently, World War II was usually considered as the defining event for the formation of the modern relationship between science and society. In this context, the effects of the First World War, by contrast, were often limited to the massive deaths of promising young scientists. By focusing on a few key places (Paris, Cambridge, Rome, Chicago, and others), the present book gathers studies representing a broad spectrum of positions adopted by mathematicians about the conflict, from militant pacifism to military, scientific, or ideological mobilization. The use of mathematics for war is thoroughly examined. This book suggests a new vision of the long-term influence of World War I on mathematics and mathematicians. Continuities and discontinuities in the structure and organization of the mathematical sciences are discussed, as well as their images in various milieux. Topics of research and the values with which they were defended are scrutinized. This book, in particular, proposes a more in-depth evaluation of the issue of modernity and modernization in mathematics. The issue of scientific international relations after the war is revisited by a close look at the situation in a few Allied countries (France, Britain, Italy, and the USA). The historiography has emphasized the place of Germany as the leading mathematical country before WWI and the absurdity of its postwar ostracism by the Allies. The studies presented here help explain how dramatically different prewar situations, prolonged interaction during the war, and new international postwar organizations led to attempts at redrafting models for mathematical developments.

Perspectives on Adults Learning Mathematics PDF Book By D. Coben,J. O'Donoghue,Gail E. FitzSimons

Perspectives on Adults Learning Mathematics

  • Author: D. Coben,J. O'Donoghue,Gail E. FitzSimons
  • ISBN Code: : 030647221X
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Page : 358 pages
  • Genre : Education
  • Reviews : 115 Readers
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Books Synopsis

This is the first book to explore adult mathematics education. It aims to situate research and practice in adults learning mathematics within the wider field of lifelong learning and lifelong education. Topics covered include: mathematics and common sense; statistical literacy and numeracy; new theories on learning mathematics; mathematical competences for the workplace; ethnomathematics; and the training of tutors

The goldsmith's handbook PDF Book By G. Gee

The goldsmith's handbook

  • Author: G. Gee
  • ISBN Code: : 5873513570
  • Publisher : Рипол Классик
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 835 Readers
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Books Synopsis

The goldsmith's handbook : containing full instructions for the alloying and working of gold ; including the art of alloying, melting, reducing, colouring, collecting and refining ; the processes of manipulation, recovery of waste ; chemical and physical properties of gold ; with new system of mixing its alloys ; solders, enamels, and other useful rules and recipes. by George E. Gee. Third edition, considerably enlarged. London : Crosby Lockwood and Co. 1886

The Enigma of the Aerofoil PDF Book By David Bloor

The Enigma of the Aerofoil

  • Author: David Bloor
  • ISBN Code: : 0226060934
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Page : 608 pages
  • Genre : History
  • Reviews : 916 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Why do aircraft fly? How do their wings support them? In the early years of aviation, there was an intense dispute between British and German experts over the question of why and how an aircraft wing provides lift. The British, under the leadership of the great Cambridge mathematical physicist Lord Rayleigh, produced highly elaborate investigations of the nature of discontinuous flow, while the Germans, following Ludwig Prandtl in Göttingen, relied on the tradition called “technical mechanics” to explain the flow of air around a wing. Much of the basis of modern aerodynamics emerged from this remarkable episode, yet it has never been subject to a detailed historical and sociological analysis. In The Enigma of the Aerofoil, David Bloor probes a neglected aspect of this important period in the history of aviation. Bloor draws upon papers by the participants—their restricted technical reports, meeting minutes, and personal correspondence, much of which has never before been published—and reveals the impact that the divergent mathematical traditions of Cambridge and Göttingen had on this great debate. Bloor also addresses why the British, even after discovering the failings of their own theory, remained resistant to the German circulation theory for more than a decade. The result is essential reading for anyone studying the history, philosophy, or sociology of science or technology—and for all those intrigued by flight.

50 Visions of Mathematics PDF Book By Dara O' Briain

50 Visions of Mathematics

  • Author: Dara O' Briain
  • ISBN Code: : 0191005347
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Page : 224 pages
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Reviews : 195 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Relax: no one understands technical mathematics without lengthy training but we all have an intuitive grasp of the ideas behind the symbols. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications (IMA), this book is designed to showcase the beauty of mathematics - including images inspired by mathematical problems - together with its unreasonable effectiveness and applicability, without frying your brain. The book is a collection of 50 original essays contributed by a wide variety of authors. It contains articles by some of the best expositors of the subject (du Sautoy, Singh and Stewart for example) together with entertaining biographical pieces and articles of relevance to our everyday lives (such as Spiegelhalter on risk and Elwes on medical imaging). The topics covered are deliberately diverse and involve concepts from simple numerology to the very cutting edge of mathematics research. Each article is designed to be read in one sitting and to be accessible to a general audience. There is also other content. There are 50 pictorial 'visions of mathematics' which were supplied in response to an open call for contributions from IMA members, Plus readers and the worldwide mathematics community. You'll also find a series of "proofs " of Phythagoras's Theorem - mathematical, literary and comedy - after this, you'll never think of Pythagoras the same way again.

Creating the Practical Man of Modernity PDF Book By Victor J. Rodriguez

Creating the Practical Man of Modernity

  • Author: Victor J. Rodriguez
  • ISBN Code: : 1317272072
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Page : 152 pages
  • Genre : Education
  • Reviews : 671 Readers
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Books Synopsis

Focused on the appropriation of John Dewey’s ideas on progressive education in revolutionary Mexico, this book reconsiders the interpretation and application of Dewey’s ideas in the world. Rodriguez examines the use of Dewey in Mexico’s state-building projects as a vantage point to assess the global impact of Dewey’s pedagogy. As these projects converged with Dewey’s desire to employ education as a tool for effective social change, Rodriguez understands Dewey not just as a philosopher but as an integral part of the Americas’ progressive movement and era.

QED and the Men Who Made It PDF Book By Silvan S. Schweber

QED and the Men Who Made It

  • Author: Silvan S. Schweber
  • ISBN Code: : 0691213283
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Page : pages
  • Genre : Science
  • Reviews : 809 Readers
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Books Synopsis

In the 1930s, physics was in a crisis. There appeared to be no way to reconcile the new theory of quantum mechanics with Einstein's theory of relativity. Several approaches had been tried and had failed. In the post-World War II period, four eminent physicists rose to the challenge and developed a calculable version of quantum electrodynamics (QED), probably the most successful theory in physics. This formulation of QED was pioneered by Freeman Dyson, Richard Feynman, Julian Schwinger, and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, three of whom won the Nobel Prize for their work. In this book, physicist and historian Silvan Schweber tells the story of these four physicists, blending discussions of their scientific work with fascinating biographical sketches. Setting the achievements of these four men in context, Schweber begins with an account of the early work done by physicists such as Dirac and Jordan, and describes the gathering of eminent theorists at Shelter Island in 1947, the meeting that heralded the new era of QED. The rest of his narrative comprises individual biographies of the four physicists, discussions of their major contributions, and the story of the scientific community in which they worked. Throughout, Schweber draws on his technical expertise to offer a lively and lucid explanation of how this theory was finally established as the appropriate way to describe the atomic and subatomic realms.